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Dairy

European Union

Considerations prior to updating of establishment details (added 3 June 2021)

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1. Preconditions for market access

1.1 Import permit

There are no generic permits required for products imported into the EU, but individual member states may have permit requirements for imported products.

Exporters should ask their importer whether they need to obtain an import permit.

1.2 Establishment listing

Table 1: EU member states, dependencies and other European countries that adopt EU requirements
Relationship with the EURelationship with the EU
Member statesAustria (AT), Belgium (BE), Bulgaria (BG), Croatia (HR), Cyprus (CY), Czech Republic (CZ), Denmark (DK), Estonia (EE), Finland (FI), France (FR), Germany (DE), Greece (GR), Hungary (HU), Italy (IT), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Luxembourg (LU), Malta (MT), Netherlands (NL), Poland (PL), Portugal (PT), Republic of Ireland (IE), Romania (RO), Slovakia (SK), Slovenia (SI), Spain (ES) and Sweden (SE).
Note
These member states adopt all EU requirements for products that have been harmonised throughout the EU, and may have additional requirements for products are not yet harmonised. Refer to individual country requirements.
EU dependencies
France
French Guiana (Cayenne)(GF), Guadeloupe (GP), Mayotte (YT), Martinique (MQ), Reunion Island (RE), and St Pierre and Miquelon (PM)
Portugal
Azores (PT), Madeira (PT)
Spain
Canary Islands (ES)
United Kingdom
Gibraltar (GI), Channel Islands
Note
These countries adopt all EU requirements for products that have been harmonised throughout the EU, and adopt requirements of the country they are a dependency of for products are not yet harmonised. Refer to individual country requirements.
Other European countries that adopt EU requirementsAlbania (AL), Faroe Islands (FO), Iceland (IS), Liechtenstein (LI), Macedonia (MK), Norway (NO), Switzerland (CH) and Turkey (TR)
Note
These countries may not adopt all EU requirements for products that have been harmonised throughout the EU. Refer to individual country requirements.
Table 2: Establishment listing
Initial listing procedure for edible products exported to the EURequired?
Notes
  • Establishments that export edible products to the EU must be included on the lists on the European Commission's (EC) website.
  • Listing of new establishments that produce edible products for export to the EU can take up to 5 months, because they require approval by the European Commission (EC) and notification of individual EU member state. Production of edible products intended for export to the EU may start from the 'validity date' of the updated list on the EC website. 'Dates of publication' are usually 3-4 weeks after the 'validity dates'.
  • When an establishment has been placed on the EU list then the establishment register is updated to indicate the establishment is approved for 'EU – dairy'. The registration certificate for the establishment will also indicate this notation.
Export registrationYes
EU listingYes, refer to notes
EU inspection for listingNo
EU listing approvalYes, refer to notes
Table 3: Initial listing procedure for inedible products exported to or transited through the EU
Initial listing procedure
Required?
Notes
  • Establishments that export some inedible products to the EU must be included on the lists on the EC website, and listing requirements differ according to the risk posed by each type of inedible product (see the following table).
  • Listing for inedible products can take up to 5 weeks. As the EU does not officially approve establishments producing inedible products, production and certification may start from the date that an establishment appears on the updated list on the EC website (that is, 'validity dates' for lists of establishments producing inedible products on the EC website are the same as 'dates of publication').
  • Trade samples and products used for research, education, diagnostic or museum purposes do not need to originate from export registered or EU listed establishments.
Export registration Yes, only establishments processing:
  • Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk - export registered for human consumption
Refer to notes
EU listingYes, refer to notes and table below
Department listing audit
Yes, refer to notes and table below
EU inspection for listingNo
EU listing approvalNo
Table 4: Inedible products - listing and auditing requirements
Type of inedible productListing required?Audit prior to listing required?
Notes
  • Establishments exporting pet milk and milk-based petfood must be listed on the EC website as a petfood processing establishment.
  • Establishments must be audited against the EU requirements for pet milk and milk-based petfood and recommended for EU petfood listing by PFIAA or other Department-approved auditor.
Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk/ colostrum for further processing in the EUYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Milk/ colostrum for use in animal foodYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Pet milk and milk-based petfoodYesYes, refer to notes
Milk/ colostrum for use in technical productsYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Trade samplesNoNo
Milk/ colostrum for use in research or diagnostic for purposesNoNo

1.3 Prohibited products

There are no known products that are prohibited for export to this market.

1.4 Australian products that do not meet European Union official requirements

The following animal products do not meet EU official requirements:

  • inedible products containing sheep and goat milk.

2. Operational requirements

2.1 General operational requirements

Sourcing of raw milk and dairy ingredients
  • Establishments that export milk and milk products to the EU must be able to state, through a declaration of compliance that the product that is exported is only made from dairy ingredients that meet EU requirements. So that they can make a declaration of compliance, establishments must ensure that they have systems in place that demonstrate that all dairy ingredients (even if imported or used as part of contract manufacturing arrangement) used to produce milk and milk products for export to the EU meet EU requirements.
  • Establishments that source milk directly from farms must have systems in place to ensure that the milk is collected in accordance with the EU's specific requirements for monitoring and controlling the temperatures and quality of raw milk. These systems must also ensure that raw milk collected for processing into products intended for export to the EU has been sampled at the tanker level for and tested negative for the presence of antibiotic residues.
  • Establishments that source dairy ingredients or liquid milk from other establishments, or from overseas, need to obtain documentary evidence from their suppliers that confirms that the milk used in the production of dairy products complies with all relevant EU requirements. These systems must include the use of documents that specifically state whether the ingredients were produced in accordance with EU requirements.
  • For information on how to comply with the requirement for declarations of compliance, use of documentary evidence, raw milk temperatures and raw milk quality, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

2.2 Hygiene

Milk cooling

This means that milk must be produced, collected, cooled, stored and transported in accordance with the milk cooling conditions laid down in Regulation 853/2004.

This means the following:

  • if milk is collected from farms on a daily basis, the raw milk must be cooled to no more than 8°C within 2 hours of milking; or
  • if milk is not collected from farms on a daily basis, The raw milk must be cooled to no more than 6°C within 2 hours of milking;

During transport, the cold chain must be maintained such that on arrival at the processing establishment, the raw milk temperature is no more than 10°C.

For information on how to meet these requirements, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

Water used during processing

Establishments must ensure that quality of water used in the processing of milk and milk products meet requirements that are equivalent to the EU's potable water requirements. This means that processing establishments must be aware of the parameters for, and frequency of, water testing being undertaken by municipal water suppliers to ensure compliance with the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines 6, 2011.

If results of water testing undertaken by municipal water suppliers identify risks that could affect food safety, EU listed processing establishments are required to undertake their own risk assessment and implement actions, which may include testing, to prevent contamination of dairy products as outlined in the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines 6, 2011.

For information on how to meet these requirements, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

2.3 Microbial and residue sampling, and maximum acceptable limits

To maintain access to the EU for milk products, Australia is required to implement a national residue monitoring plan. This national residue monitoring plan, the Australian Milk Residue Analysis (AMRA) Survey must be annually approved by the EU and shown to comply with Council Directive 96/23/EC. Australia's system must also be assessed by the EU as complying with the maximum residue levels for pesticides laid down in Regulation 396/2005, and maximum levels for contaminants laid down in Regulation 1881/2006.

All edible milk and milk products exported to the EU must have been tested for residues of antibiotic drugs in accordance with Regulation 853/2004, and be found to comply with the maximum residue limits for residues of antibacterial veterinary medicinal products laid down in Regulation 37/2010. This means that milk and milk products for export to the EU must not originate from any raw milk with a positive detection from farm vat and tanker testing for antibiotic residues.

Note
Testing is required to be performed on raw milk. Establishments must ensure that testing protocols do not include any processing steps that interfere with the detectability of antibiotic residues.

For more information, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

Microbial testing of milk

All edible milk and milk products exported to the EU must meet the plate and somatic cell count criteria laid down in Regulation 853/2004. This means that raw milk must meet the following criteria:

Table 5: Microbial milk testing criteria
Type of productTestStandard
Raw cows' milkPlate count at 30°C (per ml)= 100,000
Somatic cell count (per ml)= 400,000
Raw milk collected from other speciesPlate count at 30°C (per ml)= 1,500,000

Each farm that supplies milk for export to the EU must meet these standards.

  • Processing establishments that receive raw milk directly from farms the establishment must test somatic cell counts and total plate counts, maintain records of the test results and ensure farms take corrective action when requirements are not met.
  • Somatic cell counts must be determined by rolling geometric average over a period of 3 months with at least one sample per month per farm.
  • Total plate count must be determined by rolling geometric average over a period of 2 months with at least 2 samples per month per farm.
  • Processing establishments that receive milk from suppliers other than farms must ensure that the supplier has systems in place to ensure that the raw milk meets EU requirements for total plate counts and somatic cell counts.

In addition, there are specific microbiological tests for finished products. Refer to Milk and milk products in section 7.1.

For information on how to meet these requirements, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

3. Processing

3.1 Raw milk

The EU's raw milk processing requirements in Regulation 853/2004 can be met by complying with the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.

3.2 Pasteurisation and heat treatment

The raw milk must be subjected to pasteurisation that is equivalent to that specified for milk for human consumption in the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021 or recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds (i.e. batch pasteurisation at 60°C for 30 minutes).

3.3 Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)

The EU's HACCP compliance requirements in Regulation 852/2004 can be met by complying with the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.

3.4 Refrigeration, transfer and loadout

Establishments are required to undertake their own checks to ensure that milk and milk products are fully compliant with EU requirements at the point of dispatch from the manufacturing establishment.

The EU requires the Department to undertake random inspections of container loadouts to verify the effectiveness of the establishment checks and accuracy of information on health certificates. This means exporters must lodge requests to process Requests for Permits (RFP) with the Dairy Export Program with sufficient time to enable arrangements to be made for the inspection (ideally at least 3 days notice). The load out inspection will need to occur at the establishment at which the goods will be loaded into the container.

Containers must be sealed prior to export of milk and milk products to the EU, and container and seal numbers must be included on EU health certificates.

4. Production of edible products

4.1 Milk, milk products and composite foods containing dairy products

Sourcing of milk and milk products

If intended for export to countries that adopt EU requirements, the following milk and milk products must be only processed in establishments that are on the EU list of approved dairy establishments:

  • milk, including milk powder, condensed milk
  • cream, including UHT and cream products
  • buttermilk, curdled milk and cream
  • yoghurt
  • butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk
  • cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder)
  • ice cream and ice-cream mix
  • infant powder
  • casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives
  • lactose and lactose syrup
  • whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80% whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter)
  • milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85% by weight, calculated on the dry matter)
  • processed dairy ingredients that are used in the following composite products:
    • composite products that contain any meat
    • composite products with a fish or egg content of 50% or more
    • shelf-stable composite products with a dairy content of 50% or more, and
    • composite products that require refrigeration or freezing (that is, are not shelf-stable) that contain any dairy products
      Note
      Composite foods are foods that contain a mixture of processed animal products (such as meat, dairy, fish, egg, gelatine and honey) and processed plant products (grains, seeds, fruit or vegetables).

There are several options that apply for composite foods that contain processed dairy products that are sent to the EU. These options depend on the how the product is described, the customs tariff code applied to the product, what type of ingredient is in the product, and the quantity of these ingredients in the product.

For information about which option applies to specific products, visit the content linked in the following options:

  • The product will need to be exported with a EU composite product certificate
  • The product will need to be exported with an EU milk and milk product health certificate
  • The product may be able to be exported without an EU health certificate
    OR
  • The product may not be eligible for import into the EU and must be sent to another destination.

Final product testing for microbiological pathogens

Milk and milk products must be tested for the following microbiological pathogens and found to comply with the EU's food safety criteria. Testing must involve taking of random samples of each batch at the end of the manufacturing process. Only batches of product that are found to meet the EU food safety criteria are eligible for export to the EU.

Table 6: Microbiological pathogens and the EU's food safety criteria
Micro-organismType of final productEU food safety criteria (See note 1)
Notes
  1. Where n = number of samples, and M = maximum number of bacteria allowed in a sample.
  2. Testing for L. monocytogenes is not required for ready-to-eat products that are either have been processed to eliminate L. monocytogenes, or are unable to support the growth of L. monocytogenes (that is, products with pH 4.4 or aw = 0.92, or pH 5.0 and aw = 0.94).
  3. If manufacturers are able to demonstrate that products will not exceed 100 cfu/g throughout their shelf-life, they do not need to demonstrate absence in a 25g sample.
  4. This testing is not required for products where the aw = 0.95.
  5. Testing is not required for products where the manufacturing process or composition of product will eliminate the risk of Salmonella in the product.
  6. Testing is not required for products where the manufacturing process or composition of the product results in the product having coagulase positive staphylococci < 100,000 cfu/g, and this eliminates the risk of staphylococcal enterotoxins in the product. Manufacturers that respond to detections of coagulase positive staphylococci in accordance with National Guidelines - Pathogen Management, do not need to undertake this testing.
For information on how to meet these requirements, refer to Exporting dairy products to the European Union.
Listeria monocytogenesReady-to-eat products intended for infants and special medical purposes (See note 2)n = 10, absence in 25g
Other ready-to-eat products (See notes 2 and 3)n = 5, absence in 25g
SalmonellaInfant formulae and dried dietary foods for special medical purposesn = 30, absence in 25g
Milk powder and whey powders (See note 4)n = 5, absence in 25g
Ice cream and other frozen dairy desserts (See note 5)n = 5, absence in 25g
Enterobacter sakazakiiInfant formulae and dried dietary foods for special medical purposesn = 30, absence in 10g
Staphylococcal enterotoxinsRipened cheese and unripened soft cheeses (See note 6)n = 5, absence in 25g
Milk powder and whey powder that is not intended for further processing prior to consumption (See note 6)n = 5, absence in 25g

4.2 Composite food information

Products exempt from veterinary checks and certification under commission decision 2007/275/ec (as amended)
  • Biscuits, bread and cakes
  • Chocolate and confectionery (including sweets)
  • Food supplements packaged for the final consumer, containing small amounts of animal product, and those including glucosamine, chondroitin, or chitosan
  • Meat extracts and meat concentrates
  • Olives stuffed with fish
  • Pasta and noodles, not mixed or filled with meat products
  • Soup stocks and flavourings packaged for the final consumer, containing meat extracts, meat concentrates, animal fats, or fish oils, powders or extracts

Refer to section 4.1 for information about dairy-based composite products.

Products that are not eligible for import into the EU

The following products are not eligible for import into the EU and need to be sent to other export markets:

  1. Composite products that contain any meat that has not been sourced from EU approved establishments.
  2. Shelf-stable composite products that contain half or more of their weight or volume of dairy ingredients, and where the dairy ingredients have not been sourced in EU approved establishments.
  3. Composite products that require refrigeration or freezing that contain any dairy ingredients, and where the dairy ingredients have not been sourced in EU approved establishments.
  4. Composite products that contain half or more of their weight or volume of fish ingredients, and where the fish ingredients have not been sourced in EU approved establishments.
  5. Composite products that contain half or more of their weight or volume of egg ingredients, and where the egg ingredients have not been sourced in EU approved establishments.
Note
Australia is not approved to export poultry, rabbit or pig meat, so dairy-based composite products containing these meats cannot be exported to the EU.
Australia is not approved to export egg products, so dairy-based composite containing more than half or more of their weight or volume of egg ingredients cannot be exported to the EU.
Certain ports within the EU are implementing regulation 2011/163/EU and 178/2002/EC and restricting the entry of composite products containing egg for countries that do not have an EU recognised residue program for eggs. Australia does not currently have a recognised residue program for eggs.

Details of EU-listed establishments are available on the EU website.

Refer to dairy-based composite products in section 4.2.

Products that do not require a composite product certificate
Exemptions for specific dairy-based composite products

A number of composite products are exempt from veterinary checks and certification under Commission Decision 2007/777/EC (as amended). This exemption does not depend on the amount of dairy ingredients in these products.

  • biscuits, bread and cakes (for example, custard filled buns)
  • chocolate and confectionery, including sweets (for example, butterscotch)
  • food supplements packaged for the final consumer, containing small amounts of animal product (for example, capsules containing nutrients and colostrum powder)
  • pasta and noodles that contain dairy products, provided they do not contain any meat (for example, macaroni cheese), and
  • soups and flavourings that are packaged for the final consumer (for example, cream of mushroom soup, and cheese flavouring packets).

Refer to section 4 for a full list of products exempt under Commission Decision 2007/777/EC (as amended).

Exporting products without a health certificate

Although EU composite product certificates may not be required for some composite products, individual countries may have developed their own requirements, such as import permits, manufacturers' declarations, or in some cases, health certificates. Exporters are recommended to check import requirements with their importer.

Refer to dairy-based composite products in section 4.2.

Composite products that must have an EU milk and milk product certificate

Some composite products need an EU Milk and Milk Product Certificate, because they are described as dairy products and classified under the customs tariff codes 04.01 to 04.06, 17.02. 21.05, 21.06 and 35.02.

The table below provides additional information about these products.

Table 7: Composite products under tariff codes
Tariff codesWhat products are under this tariff code?
04.01-04.06Milk, cream, condensed milk, buttermilk, yogurt, kephir, fermented milk and cream, whey, butter, cheese and curd
17.02Lactose
21.05Ice cream and edible ice containing <20% dairy ingredients
21.06, 35.02Protein concentrates, textured protein substances

The only products under these tariff codes that need to be exported with an EU composite product certificate, are edible ice that contains dairy and meat, and protein concentrates or textured protein substances, such as cheese fondue that contain meat.

Dairy products needing an EU composite product certificate
Information in the certificate for composite foods imported into the EU

This certificate includes four sections that have attestations about the compliance of any processed meat ingredients, any processed dairy ingredients (unless the product is shelf-stable and then only if the dairy content is 50% or more of the composite food), processed fish ingredients if these ingredients make up 50% or more of the composite food, and processed egg ingredients if these ingredients make up 50% or more of the composite product. These sections should be crossed out if they do not apply.

Note
Composite products can be exported with a certificate with all four sections crossed out if they:
  • are shelf-stable and contain no meat, < 50% dairy, < 50% fish and < 50% egg content; or
  • contain no meat or dairy, and < 50% fish and < 50% egg content.

Table 12 provides some examples to assist exporters to complete the different sections of certificate.

These attestations refer to:

  • Whether the ingredient has been sourced from a country that has been approved by the EU to send this ingredient to the EU;
  • Whether the ingredient has been sourced from an EU-listed establishment (for example, slaughter, wild game, meat preparation, meat processing, dairy processing, fisheries vessel, fish processing, egg processing establishments); and
  • Whether the ingredient has been processed in accordance with EU's animal health treatments: heat treatment for emu and ostrich meat; pasteurisation for dairy products; and heat treatment for eggs.
Table 8: How to complete certificates for some examples of products
Type of product and customs tariff codesExamplesHow to complete Section II.2.A Meat productsHow to complete Section II.2.B Dairy productsHow to complete Section II.2.C Fish productsHow to complete Section II.2.D Egg products
Note
  1. All products may contain grain products (flour, starch, breadcrumbs) or vegetables.
  2. The country of origin stated on a composite product certificate may be Australia or any country that is able to export the specific type of animal product directly to the EU. The ISO code for Australia is AU. If the ingredients are sourced from two or more countries, both countries should be included. For example products that contain Australian and New Zealand origin meat products should state AU/NZ.
16.01 Meat sausages and 16.02 Prepared or preserved meatBeef, lamb, goat, horse, wild boar, venison or kangaroo meat sausages, meals and preparations containing >20% meat, such as casseroles, curries, pies, and crumbed meatInclude one of the codes BOV, OVI, EQI, RUF, SUW, RUW for the species, include A as the treatment, a country ISO code for the origin, and the EU meat product establishment number.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated and includes dairy products (such as such as milk, cream, cheese, butter), otherwise cross out section. Include the country ISO code for the origin, the EU establishment number, and the production date.Cross out sectionCross out section
Emu or ostrich meat sausages, meals and preparations containing >20% meat, such as casseroles, curries, pies, and crumbed meatInclude the code PFG details of the species, D as the treatment, the country ISO code for the origin, and EU meat product establishment number.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed above, otherwise cross out section.Cross out sectionCross out section
16.03 Extracts and juices of meat, fish, crustaceans, molluscs & other aquatic invertebratesExtracts, juices or concentrates of meat or seafood containing >20% meat or seafoodOnly complete if the food is an extract or juice of meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if the food is an extract, juice or concentrate that contains 50% or more of seafood, otherwise cross out section. Include the country ISO code for the origin, and EU establishment number.Cross out section
16.04 Prepared or preserved fish, caviar & fish egg caviar substitutes
16.05 Prepared or preserved crustaceans, molluscs & aquatic invertebrates
Meals and preparations containing >20% seafood, fish or fish eggs such as casseroles, curries, piesCross out sectionOnly complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if the food contains 50% or more of fish, caviar or fish eggs, otherwise cross out section. Complete as for tariff code 16.03.Cross out section
19.01 Food preparations containing cereals, flour, starch & maltInfant preparations and meals, frozen pizza and other dough based products containing <20% meat, seafood, dairy or eggsOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Cross out sectionCross out section
19.02 Pasta & couscousPasta and couscous meals that may contain <20% ingredients of animal origin Stuffed pasta can have >20% meatOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.
Note
Pasta that does not contain meat may be exempt from certification.
Cross out sectionCross out section
19.05 PastriesPastries and pastry based meals that may contain <20% ingredients of animal originOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Cross out sectionCross out section
20.04 Frozen vegetable preparationsFrozen meals, and vegetable preparations that may contain <20% ingredients of animal origin such as curries, and casserolesOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Cross out sectionCross out section
20.05 Unfrozen vegetable preparationsChilled or shelf-stable meals, and vegetable preparations that may contain <20% ingredients of animal origin such as curries, and casserolesOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.Cross out sectionCross out section
21.03 Sauces, condiments & mixed seasoningsSauces, condiments and flavourings that may contain <20% ingredients of animal originOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section. Note: Meat extracts, concentrates and flavourings may be exempt from certification.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.
Note
Dairy based flavourings may be exempt from certification.
Cross out sectionCross out section
21.04 Soups, broths & homogenous food preparationsSoups, broths and homogenous food preparations containing <20% ingredients of animal originOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section. Note: Soups may be exempt from certification.Only complete if food needs to be refrigerated or frozen and includes dairy products and include information as per the example listed for 16.01, otherwise cross out section.
Note
Soup may be exempt from certification.
Cross out sectionCross out section
21.05 Ice cream & other edible iceIce cream and edible ice containing <20% ingredients of animal originOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Include information as for tariff code 16.01.Cross out sectionCross out section
21.06 Food preparations not elsewhere specifiedProtein concentrates, and textured protein substances, such as cheese fondue that may contain meat and other animal productsOnly complete if the product includes any meat, and include information as per tariff code 16.02, otherwise cross out section.Include information as for tariff code 16.01.Cross out sectionCross out section

Information in the certificate for composite foods transiting through or being stored in the EU

This is a simplified version of certificate which is to be used for composite foods to be imported into the EU. This certificate does not include information about the ingredients being sourced from EU-listed establishments. It also does not include any information about fish ingredients.

This certificate includes three sections that have attestations about the compliance of any processed meat ingredients, any processed dairy ingredients unless the product is shelf-stable (and then only if dairy makes up 50% or more of the composite food), and processed egg ingredients (if egg makes up 50% of the composite food).

These attestations refer to:

  • Whether the ingredient has been sourced from a country that has been approved by the EU to send this ingredient to the EU (Note: Australian sourced export poultry meat, rabbit meat, pig meat and eggs do not have EU approval); and
  • Whether the ingredient has been processed in accordance with EU's animal health treatments: heat treatment for emu and ostrich meat; pasteurisation for dairy products; and heat treatment for eggs.

Refer to dairy-based composite products in section 4.2.

5. Production of inedible products

5.1 Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk and milk products

Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk, milk products, colostrum and colostrum products

All milk, milk products, colostrum and colostrum products that are not fit for human consumption, including those classified in Australia as Manufacturing Grade (DM) must be exported under the EU's animal by-product requirements (Regulation 142/2011). The raw milk/ colostrum must have been collected in Australia from cows or buffaloes in accordance with requirements for human consumption.

Note
Sheep and goat milk does not meet EU animal by-product requirements.

The raw milk/ colostrum may be downgraded after collection so it is no longer fit for human consumption. This may be for commercial reasons or due to problems of manufacturing or packaging defects or other defects from which there will be no risk to public or animal health once the milk has been further processed in the EU.

This processing must occur at establishments on the EU list of approved animal by-product establishments that are export registered.

Pasteurisation must be equivalent to that specified for milk for human consumption in the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021 or recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds (that is, batch pasteurisation at 60°C for 30 minutes). If an alternative pasteurisation process that is not recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds is used to achieve a negative reaction to a phosphatase test, evidence of phosphatase levels equal to or less than 10 ug/ml of p-nitrophenol and time and temperature of heat treatment is required to be made available at audit.

After completion of the processing, every precaution must be taken to prevent contamination of the products. The requirement in Regulation 142/2011 for milk to be held for 21 days prior to export to mitigate the risk of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) does not apply because of Australia's official FMD freedom.

During transport and storage, products that are imported into the EU must have a label attached to the packaging, container or vehicle that:

  • clearly indicates the category of the inedible by-products or of the derived products
  • describes the nature of the product
  • bear the following words visibly and legibly displayed on the packaging, a container or vehicle, as applicable: not for human consumption.

Provided the products meet the requirements listed above, they may be exported as Category 3 material.

Note
Consignments of inedible by-products that are not fully finished and still considered a risk must clearly indicate their EU category after entry into the EU.

5.2 Animal food

The raw milk/ colostrum must have been collected from cows or buffaloes in accordance with requirements for human consumption.

Note
Sheep and goat milk does not meet EU animal by-product requirements.

The raw milk/ colostrum may be either:

  • that which is downgraded after collection so it is no longer fit for human consumption for commercial reasons or due to problems of manufacturing or packaging defects or other defects from which there will be no risk to public or animal health
  • centrifuge, separator sludge from milk processing, and
  • milk from catering sources; for example, household kitchens, catering establishments, restaurants, etc.

The milk and colostrum must be subjected to pasteurisation that is equivalent to that specified for milk for human consumption in the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021 or recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds (that is, batch pasteurisation at 60°C for 30 minutes). If an alternative pasteurisation process that is not recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds is used to achieve a negative reaction to a phosphatase test, evidence of phosphatase levels equal to or less than 10 ug/ml of p-nitrophenol and time and temperature of heat treatment is required to be made available at audit.

After completion of the processing, every precaution must be taken to prevent contamination of the products. The requirement in Regulation 142/2011 for milk to be held for 21 days prior to export to mitigate the risk of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) does not apply because of Australia's official FMD freedom.

This processing must occur at establishments on the EU list of approved animal by-product establishments that are export listed to produce dairy stockfeed for the EU. These establishments do not need to be approved to process milk for human consumption.

During transport and storage, products that are imported into the EU must have a label attached to the packaging, container or vehicle that:

  • clearly indicates the category of the inedible by-products or of the derived products;
  • describes the nature of the product;
  • bear the following words visibly and legibly displayed on the packaging, a container or vehicle, as applicable: not for human consumption.

Provided the products meet the requirements listed above, they may be exported as Category 3 material.

Notes
  • Consignments of inedible by-products that are not fully finished and still considered a risk must clearly indicate their EU category after entry into the EU.
  • Milk/colostrum is NOT eligible to be exported as a Category 3 material, if it is:
    • collected from animals treated with substances prohibited under Directive 96/22/EC(for example, hormonal growth promotants and beta-agonists)
    • known to contain residues of environmental contaminants and other substances listed in Group B3 of Annex I of Council Directive 96/23/EC (for example, organochlorine compounds including PCBs, organophosphorus compounds, chemical elements, etc.)
    • known to contain residues of authorised substances (such as antibiotics) or contaminants exceeding the permitted levels as referred to in Article 15 (3) of Directive 96/23/EC
    • declared unfit for human consumption due to the presence of foreign bodies in the product.
  • There are no additional hygiene, traceability or processing requirements for establishments that are already approved process milk for human consumption.
  • Establishments that are NOT approved to process milk for human consumption must be subject to initial and ongoing audit by a Department-approved auditor against the requirements listed above and the following additional requirements:
    • premises must be constructed in a way permitting their effective cleaning and disinfection, where appropriate
    • premises must have appropriate arrangements for protection against pests, such as insects, rodents and birds
    • installations and equipment must be kept in hygienic condition, where necessary
    • products must be stored under conditions preventing contamination.
Pet milk and milk-based petfood

The EU requirements for animal food apply to pet milk or milk-based petfood. In addition, pet milk and milk-based petfood must meet the following specific requirements.

Note
Sheep and goat milk does not meet EU animal by-product requirements.

The processing establishment must be on the EU list of approved animal by-product establishments, in particular for petfood processing and export listed to export dairy petfood. These establishments do not need to be approved to process milk for human consumption. The processing establishment must be subject to initial and ongoing audit by a Pet Food Industry Association of Australia or Departmental auditor

Note
Accreditation to AS5812 Australian Standard Manufacturing and marketing of pet food is not a pre-requisite for listing).

The final product must be subjected to the following testing protocols:

  • a random sample must be taken from processed petfood during or after storage from each batch and found to comply with the standards in the following standards.
Table 9: Test protocol standards
Type of final productMicro-organismStandard
n = number of samples to be tested
m = threshold value for the number of bacteria; the result is considered satisfactory if the number of bacteria in all samples does not exceed m
M = maximum value for the number of bacteria; the result is considered unsatisfactory if the number of bacteria in one or more samples is M or more and
c = number of samples. For tests where there is a threshold and maximum level, the bacterial count of which may be between m and M, the sample still considered acceptable if the bacterial count of the other samples is m or less
Processed pet milk or milk-based ingredients in petfood Salmonellan = 5, c = 0, absence in 25g
Enterobacteriaceae in 1gn = 5, c = 2, m = 10, M = 300

5.3 Technical products and pharmaceutical material

Technical products (including pharmaceuticals)

The raw milk/ colostrum must have been collected from cows or buffaloes in accordance with requirements for human consumption.

Note
Sheep and goat milk does not meet EU animal by-product requirements.

The raw milk/ colostrum may be either:

  • that which is downgraded after collection so it is no longer fit for human consumption for commercial reasons or due to problems of manufacturing or packaging defects or other defects from which there will be no risk to public or animal health
  • centrifuge, separator sludge from milk processing, and
  • milk from catering sources; for example, household kitchens, catering establishments, restaurants, etc.

The milk and colostrum must be subjected to pasteurisation that is equivalent to that specified for milk for human consumption in the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021 or recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds (that is, batch pasteurisation at 60°C for 30 minutes). If an alternative pasteurisation process that is not recognised in Australia as equivalent to 72°C for 15 seconds is used to achieve a negative reaction to a phosphatase test, evidence of phosphatase levels equal to or less than 10 ug/ml of p-nitrophenol and time and temperature of heat treatment is required to be made available at audit.

After completion of the processing, every precaution must be taken to prevent contamination of the products.

This processing must occur at establishments on the EU list of approved animal by-product establishments that are export listed to produce dairy technical products for the EU. These establishments do not need to be approved to process milk for human consumption.

During transport and storage, products that are imported into the EU must have a label attached to the packaging, container or vehicle that:

  • clearly indicates the category of the inedible by-products or of the derived products;
  • describes the nature of the product;
  • bear the following words visibly and legibly displayed on the packaging, a container or vehicle, as applicable: not for human consumption.

Provided the products meet the requirements listed above, they may be exported as Category 3 material.

Note
  • Technical products include products intended for manufacture of biomedical, pharmaceutical or industrial products. There is an exemption from the requirements listed above for technical products that are intended for use as trade samples, in research, as educational products, as diagnostic products, or in museum displays.
  • Consignments of inedible by-products that are not fully finished and still considered a risk must clearly indicate their EU category after entry into the EU.
  • Milk/colostrum is NOT eligible to be exported as a Category 3 material, if it is:
    • collected from animals treated with substances prohibited under Directive 96/22/EC(for example, hormonal growth promotants and beta-agonists)
    • known to contain residues of environmental contaminants and other substances listed in Group B3 of Annex I of Council Directive 96/23/EC (for example, organochlorine compounds including PCBs, organophosphorus compounds, chemical elements, etc.)
    • known to contain residues of authorised substances (such as antibiotics) or contaminants exceeding the permitted levels as referred to in Article 15 (3) of Directive 96/23/EC
    • declared unfit for human consumption due to the presence of foreign bodies in the product.
  • There are no additional hygiene, traceability or processing requirements for establishments that are already approved process milk for human consumption.
  • Establishments that are NOT approved to process milk for human consumption must be subject to initial and ongoing audit by a Department-approved auditor against the requirements listed above and the following additional requirements:
    • premises must be constructed in a way permitting their effective cleaning and disinfection, where appropriate
    • premises must have appropriate arrangements for protection against pests, such as insects, rodents and birds
    • installations and equipment must be kept in hygienic condition, where necessary
    • products must be stored under conditions preventing contamination.

6. Labelling, shelf life, and shipping marks (port marks)

6.1 Labelling and packaging

Labels on foodstuffs intended for human consumption

The EU has published a new regulation (EU Regulation 1169/2011) which combines two existing Directives on labelling - Directive 2000/13/EC (labelling, presentation, and advertising) and Directive 90/496/EEC (nutritional labelling).

Some of the key requirements in the new EU legislation include:

  • allergen information (for example, listing eggs, milk and/or gluten in the list of ingredients);
  • ensuring that labels are legible (for example, having a minimum size of text);
  • having labels in languages understood by consumers (that is, allows EU Member State countries to nominate languages required on labels); and
  • mandatory nutrition information on processed foods.

The new rules will apply from 13 December 2014. The obligation to provide nutrition information will apply from 13 December 2016.

Timeline for implementation of this regulation

There is a transitional period in the new regulation which may allow for foods labelled prior to 13 December 2014 to be accepted by EU authorities until stocks are exhausted. While the Department's understanding is outlined below, exporters are encouraged to check the details of this transitional period with their importers, as it is likely that this ruling may be interpreted differently in various EU destinations.

Exporters and manufacturers should work closely with their customers to ensure they understand the requirements so that labels on exported foods continue to comply with EU requirements.

Prior to 13 December 2014:

  • All labels on food sold in the EU must comply with existing labelling EU directives (2000/13/EC and 90/496/EEC);
  • Food labelled before 13 December 2014 can continue to be exported to the EU after this date, but the establishment will need to maintain robust, auditable records that demonstrate the food was, in fact, labelled before 13 December 2014.

From 13 December 2014 and up to 13 December 2016:

  • Labels on food manufactured from 13 December 2014 and up to 13 December 2016 (that is, new stock) must include all specifications in the new regulation (EU Regulation 1169/2011), but do not need to include nutritional information.
  • Labels on food manufactured prior to this date can continue to comply with existing labelling EU directives.

After 13 December 2016:

  • Labels on food manufactured from 13 December 2016 must include all specifications in the new regulation (EU Regulation 1169/2011), including nutritional information.
Further information

The EU has developed guidance material on these changes, including a list of frequently asked questions: Food information to consumers - legislation.

The tables below provide a summary of the requirements in the regulation as they apply to retail-ready finished foods and bulk-packed finished foods and a non-exhaustive list of the countries and language(s) each requires, and whether the requirement will be specified in new, special legislation or covered by existing consumer laws.

Note
If the foodstuff is a beverage which contains more than 1.2% alcohol by volume, the actual alcoholic strength by volume must be included.
Table 10: Differences in requirements for retail-ready and bulk packed finished foods
Mandatory Information to be Included on Retail-Ready Finished FoodsMandatory Information to be Included on Bulk Packed Finished Foods
EU Regulation 1169/2011 includes detailed specifications for the following:
  • A declaration about the presence of substances used as ingredients or processing aids identified as causing food allergies or intolerances (see table 11)
  • Name of the food
  • List of ingredients, and quantity of certain ingredients or categories of ingredients
  • Net quantity of the food
  • Date of minimum durability or the 'use by' date
  • Any special storage conditions and/or conditions of use, and instructions for use where it would be difficult to make appropriate use of the food in the absence of such instructions
  • Name or business name and address of the importer
  • Country of origin or place of provenance, and
  • A nutrition declaration
    Note
    There is an extended transitional period until 13 December 2016 for providing this information).

Additional mandatory labelling particulars (detailed in Annex III of EU Regulation 1169/2011) apply to pre-packed foods that:

  • are packaged under modified atmospheric conditions
  • contain sweeteners
  • contain liquorice
  • contain caffeine
  • contain phytosterols, phytosterol esters, phytostanols or phytostanol esters, and
  • are frozen meat, meat preparations and fishery products (freeze dates).

EU Regulation 1169/2011 includes detailed specifications for the following:

  • A declaration about the presence of substances used as ingredients or processing aids identified as causing food allergies or intolerances (see table 11).
  • Information that is required to be on labels of retail-ready finished foods should be provided to importers so it can be displayed on labels when the food is packaged for sale or consumption.
Member States may develop National legislation that requires labels of bulk packed finished foods to include information required on labels of retail-ready finished foods.
Table 11: Substances used as ingredients or food manufacture identified in EU Regulation 1169/2011 as causing food allergies and intolerances
Substances used
  • Eggs and egg products
  • Milk and milk products (some minor exceptions)
  • Crustaceans and crustacean products
  • Fish and fish products (some minor exceptions)
  • Molluscs and mollusc products
  • Cereals containing gluten (some minor exceptions)
  • Lupin and lupin products
  • Mustard and mustard products
  • Sesame seeds and sesame seed products
  • Soybeans and soyabean products (some minor exceptions)
  • Nuts and nut products, namely: peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, cashews, pecan nuts, Brazil nuts, pistachio nuts, macadamia or Queensland nuts (some minor exceptions)
  • Celery and celery products
  • Sulphur dioxide and sulphites at concentrations of more than 10 mg/kg or 10 mg/litre in terms of the total SO2 which are to be calculated for products as proposed ready for consumption or as reconstituted according to the instructions of the manufacturers.
Table 12: Known EU language requirement for mandatory labelling information (Current as at 12 September 2014)
EU Member States and European countries adopting EU requirementsLabelling languageNew national legislation implemented to define required language(s) on labels
* No official confirmation has been provided to the Department. Exporters should clarify language requirements through commercial channels.
Austria
GermanYes
Belgium
Dutch, French, German
No
Bulgaria
Bulgarian*Unconfirmed
Croatia
Croatian (& Latin script)Yes
Cyprus
GreekYes
Czech Republic
CzechYes
Denmark
Danish*Unconfirmed
Estonia
EstonianYes
Finland
Finnish, SwedishYes
France
French*Unconfirmed
Germany
GermanYes
Greece
Greek*Unconfirmed
Hungary
HungarianNo
Iceland
IcelandicUnconfirmed
Ireland
EnglishYes
Italy
Italian*Unconfirmed
Latvia
LatvianYes
Lithuania
LithuanianYes
Luxembourg
French, German, LuxemburgoisNo
Malta
Maltese*Unconfirmed
Macedonia
MacedonianUnconfirmed
Norway
NorwegianNo
Netherlands
Dutch* Unconfirmed
Poland
PolishYes
Portugal
Portuguese*Unconfirmed
Slovakia
Slovak*Unconfirmed
Spain
SpanishYes
Slovenia
Slovenian languageYes
Sweden
Swedish, Norwegian, DanishYes
Switzerland
French, German, Swiss, Italian*Unconfirmed
United Kingdom
EnglishNo
Labels on inedible by-products
Inedible by-products

During transport and storage, inedible by-products that are imported into the EU must have a label attached to the packaging, container or vehicle that:

  • clearly indicates the category of the inedible by-products or of the derived products
  • describes the nature of the product
  • bear the following words visibly and legibly displayed on the packaging, a container or vehicle, as applicable:
    • general Category 3 material where there are no other labels required: not for human consumption
    • research and diagnostic samples: for research and diagnostic purposes
    • trade samples: trade sample not for human consumption

6.2 Use-by date

Labels on consumer-ready edible products must include the date of minimum durability or, in the case of foodstuffs which, from a microbiological point of view are highly perishable, the 'use-by' date and any special storage conditions or conditions of use.

6.3 Shelf life restrictions

The European Union has no known specific requirements for shelf life restrictions other than those provided in the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.

6.4 Shipping marks (port marks)

The European Union has no known specific requirements for shipping marks (port marks).

7. Documentation requirements for edible products

7.1 Milk, milk products and composite foods containing dairy products

Provision of certificates for milk and milk products
Details of establishments

EU certification, including transit certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods containing processed dairy products must include approval number of the manufacturing establishment where the product was manufactured and the establishment from where it was dispatched. Both of these establishments must be included on the lists on the EU list of approved food establishments.

Date of certificate

EU certification, with the exception of transit certificates must be signed on, or before, the nominated date of departure of the vessel. If the certificate is not submitted in sufficient time to allow printing and signing on, or before the date of departure, the Department will not issue an export certificate for any EU destination. In this situation, the product must be diverted to a non-EU country or returned to Australia.

Container and seal numbers for sea freight consignments

Health certificates for milk and milk products exported in containers must include container and seal numbers.

Container and seal numbers for air freight consignments

The word 'Airfreight' in the container number field.

Number of containers on requests for permits

If more than 10 containers are added to certificates, pages will print that do not include a signature of an official veterinarian. This means that there is a maximum of 10 shipping containers per Request for Permit (RFP).

Batch codes

Export and transit certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods include a field for batch codes, (that is, the identifying marks on the goods indicating the specific batch). These codes must be no more than 16 characters long.

Species

Export and transit certificates for milk and milk products must include the name of species of animal from which the milk was collected (that is, Bos taurus/ Bos indicus/ Bos taurus indicus cross for dairy products containing cows' milk, Bubalus bubalus for dairy products containing buffalo milk, Capra hircus for dairy products containing goats' milk, and Ovis aries for dairy products containing sheeps' milk). This is automatically included on all certificates. Export, transit and storage certificates for composite foods containing processed dairy products do not require the species of animal from which the milk was collected.

Temperature of product

Export and transit certificates for milk, milk products include a field for the temperature of the product, and only one value (ambient, chilled, or frozen) can be used for each RFP.

Commodity codes

Export and transit certificates for milk and milk products must include commodity codes. Only one code can be used per RFP. Australia refers to these codes as AHECC codes, whereas the EU refers to codes as harmonised system (HS) codes. The only codes permitted on EU export, transit and storage certificates for milk and milk products for human consumption are 04.01, 04.02, 04.03, 04.04, 04.05, 04.06, 17.02, 21.05, 22.02, 35.01, 35.02, and 35.02. The only codes permitted on EU export, transit and storage certificates for composite foods containing processed dairy products are 16.01, 16.02, 16.03, 16.04, 16.05, 19.01, 19.02, 19.05, 20.04, 20.05, 21.03, 21.04, 21.05, and 21.06.

Imported ingredients

If the RFP contains imported dairy product, exporters are required to advise the nature of the imported dairy ingredient including the percentage in the product and the country of origin.

EU eligibility checklist

A completed EU eligibility checklist must be provided to the Department when requesting an export permit. The checklist is available for download under the 'Certification requirements' section of Exporting dairy products to the European Union.

Exporter declarations

The following exporter declaration is needed for all dairy products:

"The product in this RFP complies with EU requirements for raw milk, including BMCC, TPC, Antibiotics, temperature, end product testing and is eligible for entry into the EU."

Certificates for composite foods containing processed milk products

Veterinary checks on arrival at an EU border inspection post are required for composite foods that contain any amount of meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products. These composite foods will need an EU composite product certificate that attests to the compliance of specific ingredients with EU requirements, such as having been produced in a country approved for EU import, processed in accordance with EU treatments, and produced in an EU-listed establishment.

Use of transit certificates

Transit certificates are required for the following products that transit the EU or are stored in the EU:

  • all milk and milk products (including those made from non-bovine milk)
  • composite foods containing processed dairy products and any meat
  • composite foods containing 50% processed dairy products and
  • composite foods containing any processed dairy products that require refrigeration or freezing (that is, are not shelf-stable).
The transit certificate template only includes the attestations on the certificate for milk and milk products intended for import into the EU that relate to animal health (that is, diseases present in Australia).
Certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods containing dairy products
Milk and milk products

For export of the following milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use the use ZDENH1or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENH1. Select the 'H' product use indicator so that the commodity is certified for human consumption:

  • milk, including milk powder, condensed milk
  • cream, including UHT and cream products
  • buttermilk, curdled milk and cream
  • yoghurt
  • butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk
  • cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder)
  • ice cream and ice-cream mix
  • infant formula
  • casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives
  • lactose and lactose syrup
  • whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80% whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter) and
  • milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85% by weight, calculated on the dry matter).
Note
Templates currently available are the ZDENH1 (English export), ZDDKH1 (Danish/ English export), ZDDEH1 (German/ English export), ZDDUH1 (Dutch/ English export), ZDESH1 (Spanish/ English export), ZDFRH1 (French/ English export), ZDITH1 (Italian/ English export), and ZDMTH1 (Maltese/ English export). If the European Union does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact the Department to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.
ZDENH1, ZDDKH1, ZDDEH1, ZDDUH1, ZDESH1, ZDFRH1, ZDITH1, and ZDMTH1

These templates have the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, declare that I am aware of the relevant provisions of Directive 2002/99/EC and of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and hereby certify that the dairy product described above:

  1. (a)  has been obtained from animals:
    1. (i)    under the control of the official veterinary service,
    2. (ii)   which were in a country or part thereof that has been free of foot-and-mouth disease and of rinderpest for a period of at least 12 months prior to the date of this certificate, and where vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease has not been carried out during that period,
    3. (iii)  belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest, and,
    4. (iv)  subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC,
  2. (b)  has undergone or been produced from raw milk which has been submitted to a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72°C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment.

II.2. Public Health attestation

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, declare that I am aware of the relevant provisions of Regulations (EC) No 178/2002, (EC) No 852/2004, (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) No 854/2004 and hereby certify that the dairy product described above was produced in accordance with those provisions, in particular that:

  1. (a)  it was manufactured from raw milk:
    1. (i)    which comes from holdings registered in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and checked in accordance with Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 854/2004,
    2. (ii)   which was produced, collected, cooled, stored and transported in accordance with the hygiene conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,
    3. (iii)  which meets the plate and somatic cell count criteria laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,
    4. (iv)  which complies with the guarantees on the residues status of raw milk provided by the monitoring plans for the detection of residues or substances submitted in accordance with Council Directive 96/23/EC, and in particular, Article 29 thereof,
    5. (v)   which, pursuant to testing for residues of antibacterial drugs carried out by the food business operator in accordance with the requirements of Annex III, Section IX, Chapter I, Part III, point 4 of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004, it complies with the maximum residue limits for residues of antibacterial veterinary medicinal products laid down in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No 37/2010,
    6. (vi)  which has been produced under conditions guaranteeing compliance with the maximum residue levels for pesticides laid down in Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, and maximum levels for contaminants laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006.
  2. (b)  it comes from an establishment implementing a programme based on the HACCP principles in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004,
  3. (c)  it has been processed, stored, wrapped, packaged and transported in accordance with the relevant hygiene conditions laid down in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Chapter II of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,
  4. (d)  it meets the relevant criteria laid down in Chapter II of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and the relevant microbiological criteria laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2073/2005 on microbiological criteria for foodstuffs,
  5. (e)  the guarantees covering live animals and products thereof provided by the residue plans submitted in accordance with Directive 96/23/EC, and in particular Article 29 thereof, are fulfilled.
Transit of milk and milk products from cows and buffaloes

For the transit of the following milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use the use ZDENHT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENHT. Select the 'H' product use indicator so that the commodity is certified for human consumption:

  • milk, including milk powder, condensed milk
  • cream, including UHT and cream products
  • buttermilk, curdled milk and cream
  • yoghurt
  • butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk
  • cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder)
  • ice cream and ice-cream mix
  • infant formula
  • casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives
  • lactose and lactose syrup
  • whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80% whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter) and
  • milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85% by weight, calculated on the dry matter).
Note
Templates currently available are the ZDENHT (English transit), ZDITHT (Italian/English transit) and ZDMTHT (Maltese/English transit). If Austria does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact the Department to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.
ZDENHT, ZDITHT, and ZDMTHT

These templates have the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, hereby certify

that the [dairy products] for [transit] / [storage] in the European Union described above:

  1. (a)  come from a country or part thereof authorised for imports to the European Union of raw milk or dairy products as laid down in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010;
  2. (b)  comply with the relevant animal health conditions for the products concerned as laid down in the animal health attestation in Part II.1 of the model certificates [Milk-HTB] in Part 2 of Annex II to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010;
  3. (c)  was produced on … or between … and ….
Milk and milk products from sheep or goats

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

Certificate templates are not available for the export of milk and milk products from sheep or goats or for the transit of these products through the EU. If exporters wish to export or transit these products through the EU, they may contact the Department to request that a certificate template be developed.

Composite foods containing processed dairy products

The template currently available for composite foods that contain processed dairy products and meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products is the M492(English export).

Templates are being developed in German/ English , Dutch/ English French/ English. If the European Union does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact the Department to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

Note
These certificates are only available in a manual format as it is difficult for EXDOC to automatically incorporate information from several export programs. The manual certificates will be issued from the Department regional offices after an assessment of the composite food's ingredients has been conducted to ensure they have been sourced from EU-listed establishments. Exporters are advised that this assessment may be a lengthy process and it is strongly recommended that exporters make allowances for the time this assessment will take when preparing composite foods for export. The Department will provide exporters with instructions on how to complete this certificate on request.
M492

This template has the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian/official inspector hereby certify that

  1. II.1.  I am aware of the relevant provisions of Regulations (EC) No 178/2002, (EC) No 852/2004 and (EC) No 853/2004, in particular Article 6.1(b) on the origin of the products of animal origin used in the production of the composite products described above and certify that the composite products described above were produced in accordance with those requirements, in particular that they come from (an) establishment(s) implementing a programme based on the HACCP principles in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004;

  2. II.2.  the composite products described above contain:

    either

    1. II.2.A Meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines

      in any quantity which meet the animal health requirements in Commission Decision 2007/777/EC and contain the following meat constituents which meet the criteria indicated below:

      Species (A) Treatment (B) Origin (C) Approved Establishment(s) (D)

      (A) Insert the code for the relevant species of meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines where BOV = domestic bovine animals (Bos taurus, Bison bison, Bubalus bubalis and their crossbreds); OVI = domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus); EQI = domestic equine animals (Equus caballus, Equus asinus and their crossbreds), POR = domestic porcine animals (Sus scrofa); RM = domestic rabbits, PFG = domestic poultry and farmed feathered game, RUF farmed non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; RUW = wild non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; SUW = wild non-domestic suidae: EQW = wild non-domestic solipeds, WL = wild lagomorphs, WGB = wild game birds.

      (B) Insert A, B, C, D, E or F for the required treatment as specified and defined in Parts 2, 3 and 4 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC.

      (C) Insert the ISO code of the country of origin of the meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines as listed in Annex II, Part 2 to Decision 2007/777/EC and, in the case of regionalization by Union legislation for the relevant meat constituents, the region as indicated in Part 1 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC or a Member State of the European Union.

      The country of origin of the meat products must be one the following: the same as the country of export in box I.7, a Member State of the European Union, a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

      (D) Insert EU approval number of the establishments of origin of the meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines contained in the composite product.

      (E) If containing material from bovine, ovine or caprine animals, the fresh meat and/or intestines used in the preparation of the meat products and/or treated intestines shall be subject to the following conditions depending on the BSE risk category of the country of origin:

      (E.1) for imports from a country or a region with a negligible BSE risk as listed in Annex to Commission Decision 2007/453/EC as amended:

      (1) the country or region is classified in accordance with Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 999/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council as a country or region posing a negligible BSE risk;

      (2) the animals from which the products of bovine, ovine and caprine animal origin were derived were born, continuously reared and slaughtered in the country with negligible BSE risk and passed ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections;

      and/or

    2. II.2.B Processed dairy products

      in an amount of half or more of the substance of the composite product or not shelf stable dairy products in any quantity that:

      (a) have been produced in the country … in the establishment …(approval number of the establishments of origin of the dairy products contained in the composite product authorised at the time of production for export of dairy products to the EU). The country of origin of the dairy products must be one of the following: the same as the country of export in box I.7, a Member State of the European Union, a third country authorised to export to the Union milk and dairy products in Column A or B of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised, under the same conditions, to export to the Union milk and dairy products.

      The country of origin indicated in box I.7 must be listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010 and the treatment applied must be conform to the treatment provided for in that list for the relevant country;

      (b) have been produced from milk obtained from animals:

      (i) under the control of the official veterinary service;

      (ii) belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest; and

      (iii) subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC;

      (c) are dairy products made from raw milk obtained from: cows, ewes, goats or buffaloes and prior to import into the territory of the European Union have undergone or been produced from raw milk which has undergone a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72°C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment;

      (d) were produced on … or between … and ….

      and/or

    3. II.2.C Processed fishery products

      that originate from the approved establishment No … situated in the country …]

      and/or


    4. II.2.D Processed egg products

      that originate from the approved country …

      were produced from eggs coming from an establishment which satisfies the requirements of Section X of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 which at the date of issue of the certificate is free from highly pathogenic avian influenza as defined in Regulation (EC) No 798/2008 and

    5. II.2.D.2 the egg products were processed:

      either [liquid egg white was treated:

      either [with 55,6°C for 870 seconds.]
      or [with 56,7°C for 232 seconds.]
      or [10% salted yolk was treated with 62,2°C for 138 seconds.]

      or [dried egg white was treated:

      either [with 67°C for 20 hours.]
      or [with 54,4°C for 513 hours.]

      or [whole eggs were at least treated:

      either [with 60°C for 188 seconds.]
      or [completely cooked.]

      [whole egg blends were at least treated]:

      either [with 60°C for 188 seconds.]
      or [with 61,1°C for 94 seconds.]
Transit of composite products

The template currently available for the transit of composite foods that contain processed dairy products and meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products is the M492A (English transit).

Templates are being developed in German/ English, Dutch/ English French/ English. If the European Union does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact the Department to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

Note
These certificates are only available in a manual format as it is difficult for EXDOC to automatically incorporate information from several export programs. The manual certificates will be issued from the Department regional offices after an assessment of the composite food's ingredients has been conducted to ensure they have been sourced from EU-listed establishments. Exporters are advised that this assessment may be a lengthy process and it is strongly recommended that exporters make allowances for the time this assessment will take when preparing composite foods for export. The Department will provide exporters with instructions on how to complete this certificate on request.
M492A

This template has the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian/official inspector hereby certify that the composite products described above contain:

(1) either II.1.A Meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines (2) in any quantity and such meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines have been produced according to Commission Decision 2007/777/EC and contain the following meat constituents and meet the criteria indicated below:

Species (A) Treatment (B) Origin (C)

(A) Insert the code for the relevant species of meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines where BOV = domestic bovine animals (Bos taurus, Bison bison, Bubalus bubalis and their crossbreds); OVI = domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus); EQI = domestic equine animals (Equus caballus, Equus asinus and their crossbreds), POR = domestic porcine animals (Sus scrofa); RM = domestic rabbits, PFG = domestic poultry and farmed feathered game, RUF farmed non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; RUW = wild non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; SUW = wild non-domestic suidae: EQW = wild non-domestic solipeds, WL = wild lagomorphs, WGB = wild game birds.

(B) Insert A, B, C, D, E or F for the required treatment as specified and defined in Parts 2, 3 and 4 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC.

(C) Insert the ISO code of the country of origin of the meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines as listed in Annex II, Part 2 to Decision 2007/777/EC and, in the case of regionalization by Union legislation for the relevant meat constituents, the region as indicated in Part 1 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC or a Member State of the European Union. The country of origin of the meat products must be one the following:

  • the same as the country of export in box I.7,
  • a Member State of the European Union,
  • a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

(1) and/or [II.1.B Processed dairy products (3) in an amount of half or more of the substance of the composite product or not shelf stable dairy products in any quantity that

(a) have been produced in the country … The country of origin of the dairy products must be one of the following:

  • the same as the country of export in box I.7,
  • a Member State of the European Union,
  • a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

The country of origin indicated in box I.7 must be listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010 and the treatment applied must be conform to the treatment provided for in that list for the relevant country;

(b) have been produced from milk obtained from animals:

(i) under the control of the official veterinary service;

(ii) belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest; and

(iii) subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC;

(c) are dairy products made from raw milk obtained from

cows, ewes, goats or buffaloes and prior to import into the territory of the European Union have undergone or been produced from raw milk which has undergone

a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72°C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment.

(d) were produced on … or between … and …(4).

and/or [II.1.C Processed egg products that originate from the approved country (5)

Were produced from eggs coming from an establishment which satisfies the requirements of Section X of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 which at the date of issue of the certificate is free from highly pathogenic avian influenza as defined in Regulation (EC) No 798/2008 and

(1) [II.1.C.2 [the egg products were processed:

(1) either [liquid egg white was treated:

(1) either [with 55,6°C for 870 seconds.]
(1) or [with 56,7°C for 232 seconds.]
(1) or [10% salted yolk was treated with 62,2°C for 138 seconds.]

(1) or [dried egg white was treated:

(1) either [with 67°C for 20 hours.]
(1) or [with 54,4°C for 513 hours.]

(1) or [whole eggs were at least treated:

(1) either [with 60°C for 188 seconds.]
(1) or [completely cooked.]

[whole egg blends were at least treated]:

(1) either [with 60°C for 188 seconds.]
(1) or [with 61,1°C for 94 seconds.]

7.2 Consignments under 10 kilograms and trade samples

Carry-on packs, personal consignments and trade samples

Carry-on packs, personal consignments and trade samples of milk and milk products must be fully compliant with EU requirements and bear a health certificate verifying this eligibility. This includes products that are part of traveller's luggage, or are sent as consignments to private persons.

The requirement also applies to product under 10 kg in weight.

7.3 Additional certificates available

The ZX01 Certificate as to Dioxin Status of Australian Dairy Products can be issued as an additional export certificate.

Additional certificate option for EU quota consignments only
  • The IMA1 Certificate – Cheese for Processing, should be used for cheese processing (Common Customers Tariff 04069001).
  • The IMA1UK Certificate – Cheddar Cheese, should be used for cheddar cheese (Common Customs Tariff 04069021).

8. Documentation requirements for inedible products

8.1 Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk and milk products

For export of Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENS1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENS1.

For transit of Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENST or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENST.

The 'F' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for further processing.

Manufacturing Grade colostrum and colostrum products

For export of Manufacturing Grade colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENC1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENC1.

For transit of Manufacturing Grade colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENCT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENCT.

The 'F' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for further processing.

Provision of certificates for Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk, milk products, colostrum and colostrum products

EU export and transit certificates must be signed on, or prior to, the nominated date of departure of the vessel.

EU transit certificates for inedible by-products contain the same endorsements as EU export certificates for these by-products.

8.2 Animal food

Colostrum and colostrum-based products for use in animal food

For export of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENC1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENC1.

For transit of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENCT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENCT.

The 'A' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for animal food.

Milk, milk-based products, and milk-derived products for use in animal food

For export of milk, milk-based products and milk-derived products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENS1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENS1.

For transit of milk, milk-based products and milk-derived products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENST or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENST.

The 'A' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for animal food.

Trade samples of animal food

For export of trade samples, use M448 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as M448.

Certificate templates are not available for transit of trade samples. If exporters wish to transit trade samples through the EU, they may contact the Department to request that a certificate template be developed.

Provision of certificates for animal food

EU export and transit certificates must be signed on, or prior to, the nominated date of departure of the vessel.

EU transit certificates for inedible by-products contain the same endorsements as EU export certificates for these by-products.

Pet milk and processed milk-based petfood

For export of pet milk and processed milk-based petfood, use Z725 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as Z725.

For transit of processed petfood other than canned petfood to the EU, use the Z725A or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as Z725A.

This certificate template is used for processed petfood other than canned imported into the EU.

8.3 Technical products and pharmaceutical material

Colostrum and colostrum-based products for use in  technical products (including pharmaceuticals)

For export of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENC1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENC1.

For transit of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENCT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENCT.

The ‘T’ product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for technical use.

Milk, milk-based products, and milk-derived products for use in technical products (including pharmaceuticals)

For export of milk, milk-based products and milk-derived products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENS1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENS1.

For transit of milk, milk-based products and milk-derived products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENST or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENST.

The 'T' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for technical use.

Colostrum and colostrum-based products for use in animal food

For export of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENC1 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENC1.

For export of colostrum and colostrum products from cows or buffaloes, use ZDENCT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENCT.

The 'T' product use indicator must be selected so that the commodity is certified for technical use.

Products used for research, education, diagnostic or museum purposes

An export certificate is not required for products exported for research or diagnostic purposes.

Exporters may be required to provide commercial documents that include sourcing and processing declarations.

Trade samples of technical products (including pharmaceuticals)

For export of trade samples, use M448 or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as M448.

Certificate templates are not available for transit of trade samples. If exporters wish to transit trade samples through the EU, they may contact the Department to request that a certificate template be developed.

9. Shipping and airfreight requirements

The EU has no known specific requirements for shipping and airfreight. Milk and milk products must be transported to ensure their condition and integrity is maintained in accordance with the requirements of the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.

10. Port-of-entry checks

Consignments of imported animal products receive a documentary, identity, and physical checks at an EU Border Control Post (BCP) according to the frequency specified in the table below before being cleared for free circulation.

Table 13: Frequency of checks
Type of productFrequency of documentary and identity checksFrequency of physical checks
Note

The European Commission website includes contact details for border control posts, lists of approved warehouses and ships suppliers, and an EU guidance document on transhipments and transit requirements.

Milk and milk products for human consumption100%Not less than 50% of consignments
Milk and milk products not for human consumption100%Not less than 1% and not more than 10% of consignments

10.1 Intensified controls Border Control Posts

From 14 December 2019 onwards, REGULATION (EU) 2019/1873 of 7 November 2019 on the procedures at Border Control Posts for a coordinated performance by competent authorities of intensified official controls on products of animal origin, germinal products, animal by-products and composite products, will implement the following intensified border controls for goods following a non-compliance notified to the European Commission. Following the notification, official controls on consignments, with the same use or origin and with an identifiable listed establishment of origin, including third country vessels, will be intensified at all BCPs in all member states of the EU.

Assessment of non-compliance

The Commission shall assess the non-compliance against the following requisite conditions, whether:

  • suspected fraudulent or deceptive practices, or
  • a potentially serious or repeated infringement of EU food and food safety rules Eg. where products of animal origin contain levels of contaminants or residues of veterinary medicinal products which exceed MRLs, or products do not comply with EU microbiological criteria,
Consignments excluded from the intensified controls

The competent authorities may exclude a consignment from the intensified controls, if the consignment is to be refused on grounds other than the infringement for which intensified controls are performed.

Identity and physical checks

Following a non-compliance deemed to be subject to EU Regulation 2019/1873, the Member State competent authorities shall carry out identity and physical checks on:

  • each consignment coming from the same establishment of origin, and
  • containing the same category of goods, for the same type of infringement, as indicated in the EU's Integrated Management System for Official Controls (IMSOC).  IMSOC is an internal EU IT system that coordinates reporting between RASFF, EUROPHYT and TRACES.

If, during the intensified controls, three consignments entering the Union reveal the same type of infringement, the Commission shall request the competent authority of the third country (for Australia this is the Department):

  • make the necessary investigations to identify the reasons for the infringements (called 'imposed checks')
  • adopt an action plan to remedy the situation, and
  • report back, including the results of the action plan.
Termination of the intensified controls

The intensified controls shall end under only one of the following three different sets of circumstances:

  1. A Member State Competent Authority decides to withdraw its notification, reasons must be given
  2. An uninterrupted sequence of 10 satisfactory results has been recorded in IMSOC [The results do not need to be from the first 10 consignments to be tested but from the first results to be known and submitted in IMSOC], AND
    The total weight of the consignments with satisfactory results reaches 10 times the weight of the consignment that caused the intensified controls procedure or reaches a net weight of 300 tons, whichever is the lowest.
  3. Where 'imposed checks' have been requested, an uninterrupted sequence of at least 30 satisfactory results has been recorded in IMSOC, AND
    The competent authority of the third country has adopted a satisfactory action plan.
Costs

The costs of the coordinated performance of intensified official controls shall be at the expense of the operator responsible for the consignments that are subject to those controls. This could be anywhere from 10 to 30 tests.

11. Definitions

Table 15: Definitions of terms used to describe dairy exports to the EU
Term
Definitions
Animal by-productsEntire bodies or parts of animals, products of animal origin or other products obtained from animals, which are not intended for human consumption.
BatchA unit of production produced in a single plant using uniform production parameters, such as the origin of the materials, or a number of such units, when produced in continuous order in a single plant and stored together as a shipping unit.
Border Inspection Post (BIP)An approved port-of-entry into the EU that has veterinary controls to manage the risks posed by imported live animals and products of animal origin, as these goods can transmit serious human and animal diseases.
Category 3 animal by-product (containing milk or colostrum)Raw milk or colostrum originating from live animals that did not show any signs of disease communicable through that product to humans or animals. This can be either Manufacturing Grade (DM) milk and milk products exported for further processing, dairy stockfeed exported for use as animal food, or milk and milk products exported for use in technical products, including pharmaceuticals.
ClearanceThe process by which a consignment of live animals or product of animal origin can enter into the EU, after it has satisfactorily undergone the specific checks and a Common Veterinary Entry Document (CVED) has been issued.
Competent authorityThe central authority of a country which is able to ensure compliance with the requirements of EU regulations or any authority to which that competence has been delegated.
Composite productsFoods that contain a mixture of processed animal products (such as meat, dairy, fish, egg, gelatine and honey) and processed plant products (grains, seeds, fruit or vegetables).
Documentary checkThe examination of commercial documents and, where appropriate, of documents required under EU law that are accompanying the consignment at a BIP.
EU dependency or dependent stateA country that is governed by a Member State and is subject to EU legislation.
EU listingAn establishment that has been approved to export to the EU. To be EU listed, an establishment must be in a country approved to export a specific category of food of animal origin
Note
This approval also involves having a residue monitoring plan for this category of food of animal origin).
EU member stateA country that has signed the treaties of the EU and is subject to the privileges and obligations of EU membership, including EU legislation.
Export to the EUThe movement of goods from Australia to the EU.
Identity checkA visual inspection at a BIP to ensure certificates or other documents accompanying the consignment tally with the labelling and the content of the consignment.
Import into the EUThe movement of goods on arrival at an EU Border Inspection Post.
IngredientAny substance, including additives, used in the manufacture or preparation of a foodstuff and still present in the finished product, even if in altered form.
Milk and milk products
The following dairy products from cows, buffaloes, sheep and goats are considered to be milk and milk products and must be certified as such: milk, including milk powder, condensed milk; cream, including UHT and cream products; buttermilk, curdled milk and cream; yoghurt; butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk; cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder); ice cream and ice-cream mix; infant powder; casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives; lactose and lactose syrup; whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80% whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter); and milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85% by weight, calculated on the dry matter).
PasteurisationHigh Temperature Short Time pasteurisation at 72°C for at least 15 seconds or equivalent pasteurisation effect.
Physical checkA check on the feed or food itself at a BIP. This may include checks on the means of transport, the packaging, labelling and temperature, the sampling for analysis and laboratory testing and any other check necessary to verify compliance with EU law.
Pre-packaged foodstuffAny single item for presentation as such to the ultimate consumer and to mass caterers, consisting of a foodstuff and the packaging into which it was put before being offered for sale, whether such packaging encloses the foodstuff completely or only partially, but in any case in such a way that the contents cannot be altered without opening or changing the packaging.
Research and diagnostic samples of animal by-productsBy-products and derived products intended for the following purposes: examination in the context of diagnostic activities or analysis for the promotion of progress in science and technology, in the context of educational or research activities
Somatic cell countThe number of leukocytes and epithelial cells in a millilitre of raw milk. This is used to measure milk quality changes due to mastitis. Leukocytes (white blood cells) increase due to an immune response to a mastitis-causing pathogen, and epithelial cells (milk-producing cells) are shed from inside the udder when an infection occurs.
Total plate countThe number of bacteria in a millilitre of raw milk incubated at 30°C. This is used to measure milk quality changes due to poor hygiene and mastitis.
Trade samples of animal by-productsBy-products or derived products intended for particular studies or analyses with a view to carrying out a production process or developing feeding stuffs or other derived products, including testing of machinery, for use in an establishment or plant which is producing feeding stuffs, or products for uses other than food and feed; or processing animal by-products or derived products
Transit through the EUMovement of goods through EU territory, other than by sea or by air, as part of the export of goods from Australia to a non-EU country.

11.1 Relevant EU Legislation

Table 14: Relevant EU Legislation
TopicLegislationRequirements
Animal healthDirective 2002/99/ECAnimal health rules governing the production, processing, distribution and introduction of products of animal origin for human consumption
Microbiological testingRegulation 2073/2005Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs
Residues and prohibited substancesDecision 2009/800/ECApproval of residue monitoring plans submitted by third countries in accordance with Council Directive 96/23/EC
Regulation 1333/2008Requirements for food additives
Food hygieneRegulation 178/2002General food law
Regulation 852/2004General hygiene requirements for foodstuffs
Regulation 853/2004Hygiene rules for food of animal origin
Regulation 854/2004Official controls
Labelling of foodDirective 2000/13/ECLabelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs
Edible productsRegulation 914/2011Certification for milk and milk products for human consumption
Inedible by-productsRegulation 1774/2002Rules for inedible by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption
Regulation 1069/2009Replaces Regulation 1774/2002 from 22 July 2011- Rules for inedible by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption
Regulation 142/2011Implements Regulation 1069/2009and updates certificates
Regulation 183/2005Feed hygiene
Marketing of animal feedRegulation 767/2009Placing on the market and use of feed (including petfood)
Principles of certificationDirective 96/93/ECCertification of animals and animal products
Border inspection checks and ships storesDirective 97/78/ECVeterinary checks on products entering the EU
Decision 94/360/ECFrequency of physical checks of consignments of certain products
Decision 2011/215/EUImplements Council Directive 97/78/EC as regards transhipment
Personal consignmentsRegulation 206/2009Introduction into the EU of personal consignments of products of animal origin

Latest updates

20/07/2021 - Amendments to documentation requirements on inedible products (sections 8.2 and 8.3).
26/05/2021 - References to export legislation have been updated.
Last updated: 14/09/2021 4:17 PMCreated: 14/09/2020 1:17 PM