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Dairy

Albania (AL)

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1. General information

Import permit

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

There are no generic permits required for products imported into the EU, but individual countries may have permit requirements for imported products.

Exporters should ask their importer whether they need to obtain an import permit.

1.2. Establishment listing

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

Initial listing procedure for edible products exported to the EURequired?
Export registrationYes
EU listingYes, refer to notes
EU inspection for listingNo
EU listing approvalYes, refer to notes
Notes:
  • Establishments that export edible products to the EU must be included on the lists on the European Commission’s (EC) website.
  • Listing of new establishments that produce edible products for export to the EU can take up to 5 months, because they require approval by the European Commission (EC) and notification of individual EU member state. Production of edible products intended for export to the EU may start from the ‘validity date’ of the updated list on the EC website. ‘Dates of publication’ are usually 3-4 weeks after the ‘validity dates’.
  • When an establishment has been placed on the EU list then the AQIS establishment register is updated to indicate the establishment is approved for ‘EU – dairy’. The registration certificate for the establishment will also indicate this notation.
Inedible products
Initial listing procedure for inedible products exported to or transited through the EURequired?
Export registration Yes, only establishments processing:
  • manufacturing grade milk - export registered for human consumption
  • animal food that includes milk or colostrum - export registered for stockfood

Refer to notes

EU listingYes, refer to notes and table below
DAFF listing auditYes, refer to notes and table below
EU inspection for listingNo
EU listing approvalNo
Notes:
  • Establishments that export some inedible products to the EU must be included on the lists on the EC website, and listing requirements differ according to the risk posed by each type of inedible product (see table below).
  • Listing for inedible products can take up to 5 weeks. As the EU does not officially approve establishments producing inedible products, production and certification may start from the date that an establishment appears on the updated list on the EC website (i.e. ‘validity dates’ for lists of establishments producing inedible products on the EC website are the same as ‘dates of publication’).
  • Trade samples and products used for research, education, diagnostic or museum purposes do not need to originate from export registered or EU listed establishments.
Inedible products
Type of inedible productListing required?Audit prior to listing required?
Manufacturing grade milk/colostrum for further processing in the EUYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Milk/colostrum for use in animal foodYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Pet milk and milk-based petfoodYesYes, refer to notes
Milk/colostrum for use in technical productsYesOnly if establishment is not export registered
Trade samplesNoNo
Milk/colostrum for use in research or diagnostic for purposesNoNo
Notes:
  • Establishments exporting pet milk and milk-based petfood must be listed on the EC website as a petfood processing establishment.
  • Establishments must be audited against the EU requirements for pet milk and milk-based petfood and recommended for EU petfood listing by PFIAA or other DAFF approved auditor.

2. Documentation requirements for edible products

2.1. Milk, milk products and composite foods containing dairy products

Provision of certificates for milk and milk products

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

Certificates for composite foods containing processed milk products

Veterinary checks on arrival at an EU border inspection post are required for composite foods that contain any amount of meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products. These composite foods will need an EU composite product certificate that attests to the compliance of specific ingredients with EU requirements, such as having been produced in a country approved for EU import, processed in accordance with EU treatments, and produced in an EU-listed establishment.

Use of transit certificates

Transit certificates are required for the following products that transit the EU or are stored in the EU:

  • all milk and milk products (including those made from non-bovine milk)
  • composite foods containing processed dairy products and any meat
  • composite foods containing ³ 50% processed dairy products and
  • composite foods containing any processed dairy products that require refrigeration or freezing (i.e. are not shelf-stable).

The transit certificate template only includes the attestations on the certificate for milk and milk products intended for import into the EU that relate to animal health (i.e. diseases present in Australia).

Date of certificate

EU export and transit certificates must be signed on, or before, the nominated date of departure of the vessel. If the certificate is not submitted in sufficient time to allow printing and signing on, or before the date of departure, AQIS will not issue an export certificate or transit certificate for any EU destination. In this situation, the product must be diverted to a non-EU country or returned to Australia.

Imported ingredients

If the Request for Permit (RFP) contains imported dairy product, exporters are required to advise the nature of the imported dairy ingredient including the percentage in the product and the country of origin.

Exporter EU Checklist

An EU exporter checklist (DEP401) is available. This checklist is required to be completed and provided to AQIS before export certification can be provided.

Test Results

Exporters must state that the product described in the RFP complies with EU requirements for raw milk testing of somatic cells, antibiotics and end product testing and is eligible for entry into the European Union.

Details of Establishments

Export and transit certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods containing processed dairy products must include approval number of the manufacturing establishment where the product was manufactured and the establishment from where it was dispatched. Both of these establishments must be included on the lists on the EU list of approved food establishments.

Number of Containers on RFPs

If more than 10 containers are added to certificates, pages will print that do not include a signature of an official veterinarian. This means that there is a maximum of 10 shipping containers per RFP.

Container Numbers

Container numbers are required for all line items. For airfreights which do not have container numbers the word ‘Airfreight’ can be included in the container number field. There is a maximum of 10 containers per Request For Permit.

Temperature of product

Export and transit certificates for milk, milk products include a field for the temperature of the product, and only one value (ambient, chilled, or frozen) can be used for each RFP.

Batch codes

Export and transit certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods include a field for batch codes, (i.e. the identifying marks on the goods indicating the specific batch). These codes must be no more than 16 characters long.

Species

Export and transit certificates for milk and milk products must include the name of species of animal from which the milk was collected (i.e Bos taurus/Bos indicus/Bos taurus indicus cross for dairy products containing cows’ milk, Bubalus bubalus for dairy products containing buffalo milk, Capra hircus for dairy products containing goats’ milk, and Ovis aries for dairy products containing sheeps’ milk). This is automatically included on all certificates.

Export, transit and storage certificates for composite foods containing processed dairy products do not require the species of animal from which the milk was collected.

Commodity Codes

Export and transit  certificates for milk and milk products must include commodity codes. Only one code can be used per RFP. Australia refers to these codes as AHECC codes, whereas the EU refers to codes as harmonised system (HS) codes. The only codes permitted on EU export, transit and storage certificates for milk and milk products for human consumption are 04.01, 04.02, 04.03, 04.04, 04.05, 04.06, 17.02, 21.05, 22.02, 35.01, 35.02, and 35.02.

The only codes permitted on EU export, transit and storage certificates for composite foods containing processed dairy products are 16.01, 16.02, 16.03, 16.04, 16.05, 19.01, 19.02, 19.05, 20.04, 20.05, 21.03, 21.04, 21.05, and 21.06.

Certificates for milk, milk products and composite foods containing dairy products

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

Milk and milk products

For export of the following milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use the use ZDENH1or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENH1. Select the 'H’ product use indicator so that the commodity is certified for human consumption:

  • milk, including milk powder, condensed milk
  • cream, including UHT and cream products
  • buttermilk, curdled milk and cream
  • yoghurt
  • butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk
  • cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder)
  • ice cream and ice-cream mix
  • infant formula
  • casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives
  • lactose and lactose syrup
  • whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80 % whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter) and
  • milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85 % by weight, calculated on the dry matter).

Note: Templates currently available are the ZDENH1 (English export), ZDDKH1 (Danish/English export), ZDDEH1 (German/English export), ZDDUH1 (Dutch/English export), ZDESH1 (Spanish/English export), ZDFRH1 (French/English export), ZDITH1(Italian/English export), and ZDMTH1(Maltese/English export). If Bulgaria does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact DAFF to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

ZDENH1, ZDDKH1, ZDDEH1, ZDDUH1, ZDESH1, ZDFRH1, ZDITH1, and ZDMTH1

These templates have the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, declare that I am aware of the relevant provisions of Directive 2002/99/EC and of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and hereby certify that the dairy product described above:

(a) has been obtained from animals:

(i) under the control of the official veterinary service,

(ii) which were in a country or part thereof that has been free of foot-and-mouth disease and of rinderpest for a period of at least 12 months prior to the date of this certificate, and where vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease has not been carried out during that period,

(iii) belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest, and,

(iv) subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC,

(b) has undergone or been produced from raw milk which has been submitted to a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72°C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment.

II.2. Public Health attestation

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, declare that I am aware of the relevant provisions of Regulations (EC) No 178/2002, (EC) No 852/2004, (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) No 854/2004 and hereby certify that the dairy product described above was produced in accordance with those provisions, in particular that:

(a) it was manufactured from raw milk:

(i) which comes from holdings registered in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and checked in accordance with Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 854/2004,

(ii) which was produced, collected, cooled, stored and transported in accordance with the hygiene conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,

(iii) which meets the plate and somatic cell count criteria laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,

(iv) which complies with the guarantees on the residues status of raw milk provided by the monitoring plans for the detection of residues or substances submitted in accordance with Council Directive 96/23/EC, and in particular, Article 29 thereof,

(v) which, pursuant to testing for residues of antibacterial drugs carried out by the food business operator in accordance with the requirements of Annex III, Section IX, Chapter I, Part III, point 4 of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004, it complies with the maximum residue limits for residues of antibacterial veterinary medicinal products laid down in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No 37/2010,

(vi) which has been produced under conditions guaranteeing compliance with the maximum residue levels for pesticides laid down in Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, and maximum levels for contaminants laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006.

(b) it comes from an establishment implementing a programme based on the HACCP principles in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004,

(c) it has been processed, stored, wrapped, packaged and transported in accordance with the relevant hygiene conditions laid down in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Chapter II of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004,

(d) it meets the relevant criteria laid down in Chapter II of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and the relevant microbiological criteria laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2073/2005 on microbiological criteria for foodstuffs,

(e) the guarantees covering live animals and products thereof provided by the residue plans submitted in accordance with Directive 96/23/EC, and in particular Article 29 thereof, are fulfilled.

Transit of milk and milk products from cows and buffaloes

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

For the transit of the following milk and milk products from cows or buffaloes, use the use ZDENHT or bilingual templates with the same endorsements as the ZDENHT. Select the 'H’ product use indicator so that the commodity is certified for human consumption:

  • milk, including milk powder, condensed milk
  • cream, including UHT and cream products
  • buttermilk, curdled milk and cream
  • yoghurt
  • butter, dairy spreads, and other fats and oils derived from milk
  • cheese (including fresh cheese, canned cheese, hard cheese, processed cheese, semi-hard cheese, and cheese powder)
  • ice cream and ice-cream mix
  • infant formula
  • casein, caseinates and other casein derivatives
  • lactose and lactose syrup
  • whey and whey powder albumins (including concentrates of two or more whey proteins, containing by weight more than 80 % whey proteins, calculated on the dry matter) and
  • milk proteins (including concentrated milk proteins with a protein content of more than 85 % by weight, calculated on the dry matter).

Note: Templates currently available are the ZDENHT (English transit), ZDITHT (Italian/English transit) and ZDMTHT (Maltese/English transit). If this country does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact AQIS to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

ZDENHT, ZDITHT, and ZDMTHT

These templates have the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian, hereby certify

that the [dairy products] for [transit] / [storage] in the European Union described above:

(a) come from a country or part thereof authorised for imports to the European Union of raw milk or dairy products as laid down in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010,

(b) comply with the relevant animal health conditions for the products concerned as laid down in the animal health attestation in Part II.1 of the model certificates [Milk-HTB] in Part 2 of Annex II to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010;

(c) was produced on … or between … and ….

Milk and milk products from sheep or goats

This country adopts EU importing country requirements, including EU certification.

Certificate templates are not available for the export of milk and milk products from sheep or goats or for the transit of these products through the EU. If exporters wish to export or transit these products through the EU, they may contact AQIS to request that a certificate template be developed.

Composite foods containing processed dairy products

The template currently available for composite foods that contain processed dairy products and meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products is the M492(English export). 

Templates are being developed in German/English , Dutch/English French/English. If Bulgaria does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact DAFF to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

Note: These certificates are only available in a manual format as it is difficult for EXDOC to automatically incorporate information from several export programs. The manual certificates will be issued from DAFF regional offices after an assessment of the composite food’s ingredients has been conducted to ensure they have been sourced from EU-listed establishments. Exporters are advised that this assessment may be a lengthy process and it is strongly recommended that exporters make allowances for the time this assessment will take when preparing composite foods for export. DAFF will provide exporters with instructions on how to complete this certificate on request.

M492

This template has the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian/official inspector hereby certify that

II.1. I am aware of the relevant provisions of Regulations (EC) No 178/2002, (EC) No 852/2004 and (EC) No 853/2004, in particular Article 6.1(b) on the origin of the products of animal origin used in the production of the composite products described above and certify that the composite products described above were produced in accordance with those requirements, in particular that they come from (an) establishment(s) implementing a programme based on the HACCP principles in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004;

II.2. the composite products described above contain:

either

II.2.A Meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines

 in any quantity which meet the animal health requirements in Commission Decision 2007/777/EC and contain the following meat constituents which meet the criteria indicated below:

Species (A) Treatment (B) Origin (C) Approved Establishment(s) (D)

(A) Insert the code for the relevant species of meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines where BOV = domestic bovine animals (Bos taurus, Bison bison, Bubalus bubalis and their crossbreds); OVI = domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus); EQI = domestic equine animals (Equus caballus, Equus asinus and their crossbreds), POR = domestic porcine animals (Sus scrofa); RM = domestic rabbits, PFG = domestic poultry and farmed feathered game, RUF farmed non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; RUW = wild non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; SUW = wild non-domestic suidae: EQW = wild non-domestic solipeds, WL = wild lagomorphs, WGB = wild game birds.

(B) Insert A, B, C, D, E or F for the required treatment as specified and defined in Parts 2, 3 and 4 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC.

(C) Insert the ISO code of the country of origin of the meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines as listed in Annex II, Part 2 to Decision 2007/777/EC and, in the case of regionalization by Union legislation for the relevant meat constituents, the region as indicated in Part 1 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC or a Member State of the European Union.

The country of origin of the meat products must be one the following: the same as the country of export in box I.7, a Member State of the European Union, a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

(D) Insert EU approval number of the establishments of origin of the meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines contained in the composite product.

(E) If containing material from bovine, ovine or caprine animals, the fresh meat and/or intestines used in the preparation of the meat products and/or treated intestines shall be subject to the following conditions depending on the BSE risk category of the country of origin:

(E.1) for imports from a country or a region with a negligible BSE risk as listed in Annex to Commission Decision 2007/453/EC as amended:

(1) the country or region is classified in accordance with Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 999/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council as a country or region posing a negligible BSE risk;

(2) the animals from which the products of bovine, ovine and caprine animal origin were derived were born, continuously reared and slaughtered in the country with negligible BSE risk and passed ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections;

and/or II.2.B Processed dairy products

in an amount of half or more of the substance of the composite product or not shelf stable dairy products in any quantity that:

(a) have been produced in the country … in the establishment …(approval number of the establishments of origin of the dairy products contained in the composite product authorised at the time of production for export of dairy products to the EU). The country of origin of the dairy products must be one of the following: the same as the country of export in box I.7, a Member State of the European Union, a third country authorised to export to the Union milk and dairy products in Column A or B of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised, under the same conditions, to export to the Union milk and dairy products.

The country of origin indicated in box I.7 must be listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010 and the treatment applied must be conform to the treatment provided for in that list for the relevant country;

(b) have been produced from milk obtained from animals:

(i) under the control of the official veterinary service;

(ii) belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest; and

(iii) subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC;

(c) are dairy products made from raw milk obtained from: cows, ewes, goats or buffaloes and prior to import into the territory of the European Union have undergone or been produced from raw milk which has undergone a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72 °C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment;

 (d) were produced on … or between … and ….

and/or II.2.C Processed fishery products

that originate from the approved establishment No … situated in the country …]

and/or II.2.D Processed egg products

that originate from the approved country …

were produced from eggs coming from an establishment which satisfies the requirements of Section X of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 which at the date of issue of the certificate is free from highly pathogenic avian influenza as defined in Regulation (EC) No 798/2008 and

II.2.D.2 the egg products were processed:

either [liquid egg white was treated:

either [with 55,6 °C for 870 seconds.]

or [with 56,7 °C for 232 seconds.]

or [10 % salted yolk was treated with 62,2 °C for 138 seconds.]

or [dried egg white was treated:

either [with 67 °C for 20 hours.]

or [with 54,4 °C for 513 hours.]

or [whole eggs were at least treated:

either [with 60 °C for 188 seconds.]

or [completely cooked.]

[whole egg blends were at least treated]:

either [with 60 °C for 188 seconds.]

or [with 61,1 °C for 94 seconds.]

Transit of composite products

The template currently available for the transit of composite foods that contain processed dairy products and meat, or contain 50% or more, in total, of other processed animal products is the M492A (English transit). 

Templates are being developed in German/English , Dutch/English French/English. If Bulgaria does not accept the languages used in these templates, exporters should contact DAFF to initiate the development of another bilingual certificate template.

Note: These certificates are only available in a manual format as it is difficult for EXDOC to automatically incorporate information from several export programs. The manual certificates will be issued from DAFF regional offices after an assessment of the composite food’s ingredients has been conducted to ensure they have been sourced from EU-listed establishments. Exporters are advised that this assessment may be a lengthy process and it is strongly recommended that exporters make allowances for the time this assessment will take when preparing composite foods for export. DAFF will provide exporters with instructions on how to complete this certificate on request.

M492A

This template has the following attestations:

I, the undersigned official veterinarian/official inspector hereby certify that the composite products described above contain:

(1) either II.1.A Meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines (2) in any quantity and such meat products, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines have been produced according to Commission Decision 2007/777/EC and contain the following meat constituents and meet the criteria indicated below:

Species (A) Treatment (B) Origin (C)

(A) Insert the code for the relevant species of meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines where BOV = domestic bovine animals (Bos taurus, Bison bison, Bubalus bubalis and their crossbreds); OVI = domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus); EQI = domestic equine animals (Equus caballus, Equus asinus and their crossbreds), POR = domestic porcine animals (Sus scrofa); RM = domestic rabbits, PFG = domestic poultry and farmed feathered game, RUF farmed non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; RUW = wild non-domestic animals other than suidae and solipeds; SUW = wild non-domestic suidae: EQW = wild non-domestic solipeds, WL = wild lagomorphs, WGB = wild game birds.

(B) Insert A, B, C, D, E or F for the required treatment as specified and defined in Parts 2, 3 and 4 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC.

(C) Insert the ISO code of the country of origin of the meat product, treated stomachs, bladders and intestines as listed in Annex II, Part 2 to Decision 2007/777/EC and, in the case of regionalization by Union legislation for the relevant meat constituents, the region as indicated in Part 1 of Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC or a Member State of the European Union. The country of origin of the meat products must be one the following:

- the same as the country of export in box I.7,

- a Member State of the European Union,

- a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

(1) and/or [II.1.B Processed dairy products (3) in an amount of half or more of the substance of the composite product or not shelf stable dairy products in any quantity that

(a) have been produced in the country … The country of origin of the dairy products must be one of the following:

- the same as the country of export in box I.7,

- a Member State of the European Union,

- a third country or parts thereof authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with treatment A as set out in Annex II to Decision 2007/777/EC, where the third country where the composite product is produced is also authorised to export to the Union meat products treated with that treatment.

The country of origin indicated in box I.7 must be listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 605/2010 and the treatment applied must be conform to the treatment provided for in that list for the relevant country;

(b) have been produced from milk obtained from animals:

(i) under the control of the official veterinary service;

(ii) belonging to holdings which were not under restrictions due to foot-and-mouth disease or rinderpest; and

(iii) subject to regular veterinary inspections to ensure that they satisfy the animal health conditions laid down in Chapter I of Section IX of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 and in Directive 2002/99/EC;

(c) are dairy products made from raw milk obtained from

cows, ewes, goats or buffaloes and prior to import into the territory of the European Union have undergone or been produced from raw milk which has undergone

a pasteurisation treatment involving a single heat treatment with a heating effect at least equivalent to that achieved by a pasteurisation process of at least 72 °C for 15 seconds and where applicable, sufficient to ensure a negative reaction to an alkaline phosphatase test applied immediately after the heat treatment.

(d) were produced on … or between … and …(4).

and/or [II.1.C Processed egg products that originate from the approved country (5)

Were produced from eggs coming from an establishment which satisfies the requirements of Section X of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 which at the date of issue of the certificate is free from highly pathogenic avian influenza as defined in Regulation (EC) No 798/2008 and

 (1) [II.1.C.2 [the egg products were processed:

(1) either [liquid egg white was treated:

(1) either [with 55,6 °C for 870 seconds.]

(1) or [with 56,7 °C for 232 seconds.]

(1) or [10 % salted yolk was treated with 62,2 °C for 138 seconds.]

(1) or [dried egg white was treated:

(1) either [with 67 °C for 20 hours.]

(1) or [with 54,4 °C for 513 hours.]

(1) or [whole eggs were at least treated:

(1) either [with 60 °C for 188 seconds.]

(1) or [completely cooked.]

[whole egg blends were at least treated]:

(1) either [with 60 °C for 188 seconds.]

(1) or [with 61,1 °C for 94 seconds.]

Latest updates

Last updated: 2/03/2021 12:23 PMCreated: 15/01/2015 11:04 AM