Sign In

Grapes

No
Country: Vietnam (VN)
Scientific Name: Vitis vinifera
Group: Fruit
End Use: Fresh
NPPO Details:
The Plant Protection Department (PPD), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam
Relevant Web Addresses:

[expand all]

Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

This is a protocol market. Protocols are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.​
 
Grower or packhouse accreditation is not required. 

Growers must undertake standard commercial infield controls to ensure appropriate pest management for Vietnam's quarantine pests of concern. A list of quarantine pests of concern is provided in Attachment 1 of the protocol.​

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

Treatment facilities must be accredited and registered with the department prior to commencement of export.  
To register please contact HorticultureExports@agriculture.gov.au.
 
Fruit fly pest free areas (PFAs)
 

 The following area is recognised as pest free area for Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata):

  • Tasmania

Note: PPD have temporarily ceased recognition of the Riverland PFA for fruit exported from 1 February 2021.

 

Western Australia

Vietnam recognises the following areas of Australia being free from Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). 

  • All states and territories of Australia, except Western Australia. 

Export inspection

Inspection of fruit sourced from pest free areas must be conducted in a registered export establishment located within the same pest free area.

Inspections must be performed under the departmental guidelines and work instructions available in the Plant Exports Operation Manual.

An AO must inspect a sample in accordance with the Reference: Plant exports guide – Sampling horticulture, consisting of 600 units or 2% drawn from the consignment presented for inspection.

Packing and Labelling requirements
Products must be packed to ensure that product security requirements are met as per the Plant Export Operations Manual.

All consignments destined to Vietnam using solid wood packing material must comply with ISPM 15.
 
For all consignments other than those subject to irradiation the following information must appear on each pallet, in English, as a minimum requirement: 
 
  • "FOR VIETNAM"
  • Country of origin (e.g. Produce of Australia, Product of Australia)
  • Name of exporting company
  • Name of fruit (common name)
  • Export establishment registration number.

 

For consignments subject to irradiation the following information must appear on each pallet, in English, as a minimum requirement:
 
  • "FOR VIETNAM"
  • Country of origin (e.g. Produce of Australia, Product of Australia)
  • Name of exporting company
  • Name of fruit (common name)
  • Export establishment registration number
  • "Treated with ionising irradiation" or "Irradiated (food)"
  • (Optional) Food irradiation symbol to be displayed near the name of fruit.

Explanation of Endorsements

Endorsement 3155:

Applies to fruit subject to in-transit cold treatment (except fruit from Western Australia).

Endorsement 3156:

Applies to fruit subject to irradiation or onshore cold treatment (except fruit from Western Australia).

Endorsement 3157:

Applies to fruit from Western Australia subject to in-transit cold treatment. 

Endorsement 3158:

Applies to fruit from Western Australia subject to irradiation or onshore cold treatment.

Endorsement 2083:

Note: This endorsement cannot be used from 1 February 2021 until further notice, as PPD have temporarily ceased recognition of the Riverland pest free area. Consignments originating from the Riverland must undergo treatment under endorsement 3155 or 3156.

Applies to fruit from the pest free area of the Riverland which is recognised as being free from both Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

Endorsement 5506:

Applies to fruit from Tasmania which is recognised as being free from both Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

Treatment

​Fruit sourced from outside a recognised PFA must undergo irradiation or cold treatment (onshore or in-transit).

Irradiation treatment

Irradiation treatment must be conducted in an irradiation facility registered as an export registered establishment with the department.

The application of the irradiation treatment must be carried out in accordance with the relevant ISPMs. 

Attachment 4 of the protocol provides irradiation requirements that must be complied with by treatment providers.

The following irradiation dose is approved for the treatment of grapes:
  • ​Minimum absorbed dose of 400 Gray for Hemiptera (Aspidiotus nerii Bouche; Diaspidiotus ancylus Putnam; Diaspidiotus perniciosus (Comstock); Hemiberlesia Latoniae (Signoret); Planococcus minor (Maskell); Pseudococcus calceolariae (Maskell); Peseudococcus viburni Signoret) and fruit flies (Certatis capitata) and (Bactrocera tryoni).
  • ​The maximum absorbed dose must not exceed 1 Kilogray.​

 

If the consignment is subjected to irradiation treatment, then the phytosanitary certificate must include the irradiation rate in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.​

Cold treatments schedules

Use the following treatment schedules for onshore or in-transit cold treatments;

Fruit sourced from Western Australia "only" must use the following treatment schedule;
  • ​3 degrees Celsius or below for 20 days or more.

 

Fruit sourced from all other states and territories of Australia (except Western Australia and recognised PFAs) is subject to cold treatment at the following treatment schedules;

  • ​3 degrees Celsius or below for 14 days or more;

OR

  • 1 degrees Celsius or below for 12 days or more.

 

Fruit must be pre-cooled until fruit pulp temperature is at or below the target treatment temperature prior to initiation of the cold treatment.

Pulp temperatures at the time of sensor placement must not exceed the target treatment temperature.

Onshore cold treatment

Onshore cold treatment requirements are detailed in Attachment 2 of the protocol. Cold treatment must be supervised by an authorised officer with the appropiate job function.

Calibration, placement of temperature sensors and completion of the treatment must be performed under supervision by an authorised officer with the appropriate job functions.

Onshore cold treatment facilities must be a registered establishment and they must be accredited for export to Vietnam.

Grapes intended for export to Vietnam may be treated concurrently with grape destined for other markets.

The exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the treatment (printout of data downloaded from temperature monitors) and to present to the authorised officer at the time of inspection.

Treatment temperature and period (number of consecutive days) must be provided in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.

In-transit cold treatment

In-transit cold treatment requirements are detailed in Attachment 3 of the protocol. 

The initiation of the In-transit cold treatment must be supervised by an authorised officer with the appropriate job function. 

In-transit treatment may commence prior to departure and be completed in-transit. In the event of a treatment failure in-transit, treatment may be completed on arrival.

Prior to initiating treatment, grapes must be pre-cooled to, or below, the target treatment temperature.

Pulp temperatures at the time of sensor placement must not exceed the target treatment temperature.

Methyl bromide treatment

Fumigation conditions are pending approval from Vietnam Plant Protection Department (PPD).

Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 3155)
1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in a pest free area recognised as free from Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata),
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.
3) Subject to in-transit cold treatment .

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement 3156)
1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in a pest free area recognised as free from Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata),
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.

Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement 3157)
1) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.
2) Subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement 3158)
1) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.

Option 5 (EXDOC Endorsement 2083)
1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in the Riverland region of South Australia which is recognised as free from Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). 
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.

Option 6 (EXDOC Endorsement 5506)
1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in Tasmania which is recognised as free from Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). 
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Australia and is uninfected by the following pests: Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana), Alfalfa mosaic virus, Broad bean wilt virus, Arabis mosaic virus, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Botryosphaeria obtusa, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Aspidiotus nerii, Diaspidiotus ancylus,  San Jose scale (Diaspidiotus perniciosus), Latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae), Passionvine mealybug (Planococcus minor), Scarlet mealybug (Pseudococcus calceolariae), Californian mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni), Phalaenoides glycinae, Greeneria uvicola, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Coniella diplodiella, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tobacco necrosis virus, Aster yellows phytoplasma group, Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense.​

Reference

NPPO import conditions​

Latest updates

21/05/2021 - General requirements - clarification around endorsements relating to pest free areas
02/02/2021 - Update to import requirements - text updated related to temporarily ceasing recognition of Riverland PFA.
25/01/2021 - Update to import requirements - update to text related to fruit fly outbreak.

​​​

Initial Uploaded: 17/01/2018
Reviewed Uploaded: 21/05/2021