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United States of America (US)

Scientific Name:

Pyrus spp.



End Use:


NPPO Details:

Plant Protection and Quarantine, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Relevant Web Addresses:

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Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market No

General Requirements

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

A copy of the import permit must be presented to an Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.

Pears sourced from Western Australia are prohibited to be exported to the USA.

USDA recognise Tasmania as Area Free for both Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni).
Treatment is not required for fruit which has been sourced / produced and exported from Tasmania.

Consignments from Tasmanian are required to be certified as Tasmanian origin and each container to be marked as being of Tasmanian origin.

Pests of concern are:
  • ​Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)
  • Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni)
  • Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata)
  • fruit-leaf roller moths (Tortricidae family)
  • all other fruit flies

If pests of the family Tortricidae are found during phytosanitary inspection the consignment must be treated with methyl bromide.

Treatment facilities must be certified by APHIS and undertaken on-shore in Australia under USDA, APHIS supervision 

Consignments undergoing in-transit cold treatment to the USA must be lodged in the USDA PPQ 556 system prior to arrival. Exporters must contact Assessment Services to request 556 processing at least 2 days before completion is required. Exporters must advise the department at the time of authorisation if transhipment via an additional country or vessel change will occur enroute to the USA or its territories.

Exporters are also responsible for ensuring shipping lines are aware of their obligations. Shipping lines must send a weekly 'pre-alert/vessel summary report' to This summary report must include the estimated date of vessel arrival and container details.​


Consignments from Mainland Australia (not including Western Australia which is prohibited) must undergo in-transit cold treatment as per the following schedule:

  • 0 degrees celsius (or below) for 13 days;


  • 0.56 degrees celsius (or below) for 14 days;


  • 1.11 degrees celsius (or below) for 18 days;


  • 1.67 degrees celsius (or below) for 20 days;


  • 2.22 degrees celsius (or below) for 22 days .

An authorised officer must successfully complete USDA training to supervise container loading and initiation of cold treatment. Authorised officers are not responsible for operating or setting up cold treatment recording systems.

Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 1245)
1) The fruit in this consignment was inspected and found free of all life stages of Light Brown Apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana).


​Import permit dated 24 April 2018​

Latest updates

28/06/2023 - Updated general requirements to include information about PPQ 556 processes.

Initial Uploaded: 17/05/2018
Reviewed Uploaded: 28/06/2023