Sign In


Country: United States of America (US)
Scientific Name: Mangifera indica
Group: Fruit
End Use: Fresh
NPPO Details:
Plant Protection and Quarantine, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Relevant Web Addresses:

[expand all]

Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.
A copy of the import permit must be presented to an Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.

Specific requirements for exporting mangoes to the United States of America (USA) are detailed in the agreed Pilot Audit Program for Irradiation Treatment and Certification of Mango and Lychee (fruit) from Australia "Operational Work Plan (OWP)" between Australia and the USA.

The OWP is available in the Micor Plants Documents section. Clients who require access to these documents are required to register with Plant Exports. Refer to the Documents section.

Pests of quarantine concern (target and non-target quarantine pests) for Australian mangoes are listed in Addendum 1 of the OWP.

Only mangoes from export approved growers can be packed and treated for export to the USA.

Growers, packhouses and Irradiation treatment facilities must adhere to the Guideline: Maintenance of phytosanitary security for horticulture exports.


In order to export mangoes to the USA, growers, packhouses and treatment facilities must be accredited by the department. The department provides instructions on how to apply for this approval by way of an Industry Advice Notice which is published annually.

As part of the accreditation approval process, growers, packhouses and treatment facilities will be subject to audit by the department to verify compliance with the requirements detailed in the OWP and to ensure adherence with the following guidelines (which can be found on the department's website):

All irradiation treatment facilities must be approved and certified by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) and must also be approved as a Registered Establishment with the department under the Export Control Act 2020 and subordinate legislation.

Export inspection

Prior to irradiation treatment, a sample must be drawn as per section 3 Addendum 1 of the OWP to conduct a phytosanitary inspection. The inspection also includes a destructive analysis (cut fruit) to verify the absence of internal pests. A record of the destructive sampling details must be included on the export compliance record.

The exporter must calculate the amount of fruit required to be cut and include this extra fruit in the consignment / lot and on the RFP. Any cut fruit must be discarded and the remaining fruit for export certified on the phytosanitary certificate.

Note: The quantity of fruit will differ from the number of cartons noted on the RFP due to any discarded fruit following destructive analysis. The RFP does not need to be amended in an attempt to match the quantities.

Table 2 in Addendum 1 of the OWP lists the quarantine pests and applicable mitigation measures.

​Where applicable, the exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the endorsement and present it to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.


 All mangoes must:
  • be treated by irradiation;


  • undergo appropriate pest control activities for target fungi quarantine pests.


Treat using a minimum absorbed dose of 300 GRAY in accordance with the "Treatment Manual" (T-105-a-3) to mitigate the risk associated with target quarantine pests as detailed in Addendum 1 of the OWP at an APHIS approved treatment facility in Australia.

Pest control activities:

In addition to irradiation treatment, mangoes must also be subject to at least one of the mitigation options listed below  in accordance with the pre- or post-harvest mitigation options authorised under 7CFR 319.56-4 to address risks associated with target fungi quarantine pests listed in Addendum 1.

Note: Evidence attesting to one of the above three pre-or post harvest mitigation options is to be provided to the Authorised Officer at time of inspection.

Pre- or post-harvest mitigation options:

  1. The mangoes are subjected to a broad-spectrum post-harvest fungicidal dip.

    A dip/flood spray certificate noting date of treatment, chemical used, rate and length of time chemical applied, PUC, PHC, TIN, number of cartons must be provided as evidence of the treatment.


  2. The mangoes originate from an orchard that was inspected prior to the beginning of harvest during the growing season and the orchard was found free of Cytosphaera mangiferae.

    Survey and crop monitoring records demonstrating freedom from Cytosphaera mangiferae must be provided as evidence. 


  3. The mangoes originate from an orchard that was treated with a broad-spectrum fungicide during the growing season, and was inspected prior to harvest, and the mangoes was found free of Cytoshpaera mangiferae.
    Spray and crop monitoring records must be provided as evidence.

Post treatment and certification requirements

Treated mangoes must be safeguarded at all times to prevent reinfestation. All irradiation facilities must comply with the requirements specified in section 7 of the OWP including all the requirements regarding separation of treated from untreated commodities, packing and labelling.

If air shipments are not loaded at the irradiation treatment facility, they must only be moved to other registered establishments under a transfer certificate. See section 7.2.8 of the OWP and the Guideline: Maintenance of phytosanitary security for horticulture exports for further information.

Treatment facilities must follow the steps below at completion of treatment:

  • Enter irradiation treatment details into the Irradiation Accountability Database (IRADS). 
  • Notify the department once the irradiation treatment data has been entered into IRADS.
  • Provide an irradiation dosimetry report to the department when requesting authorisation of an RFP.

The exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the treatment and present it to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.

The target minimum irradiation dose applied to the consignment of mangoes must be stated in the treatment section of the Phytosanitary certificate as below.
Irradiation at minimum 300 gray.

Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 2790)
1) The fruit in this shipment was treated by irradiation with a minimum absorbed dose of 300 Gy,
2) The consignment was inspected prior to export from Australia and was found free of Cytosphaera mangiferae, Lasiodiplodia pseudotheobromae, Neofusicoccum mangiferae, Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae, Phomopsis mangiferae, Pseudofusicoccum adansoniae, and Xanthomonas campestris pv. Mangiferaeindicae.
3) The consignment was subjected to one of the pre-or post-harvest mitigation options authorised under 7CFR 319.56-4.


Pilot Audit Program for application of Irradiation Treatment for Mangoes and Lychees - Operational Work Plan version 8.

Latest updates

07/12/2022 - Updated general requirements to remove ECR requirements.
25/11/2022 - Updated treatment details and removed endorsements 2791 and 2792.
03/12/2021 - Updated reference to new legislation, Export Control Act 2020.

Initial Uploaded: 02/02/2015
Reviewed Uploaded: 07/12/2022