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Country: United States of America (US)
Scientific Name:  
End Use: Timber
NPPO Details:
Plant Protection and Quarantine, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Relevant Web Addresses:

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Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate No
Additional Declaration/Endorsement No
Protocol Market No

General Requirements

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

Kiln dried or Heat treated timber:

Consignments must be debarked in accordance with Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) 319.40-7 (b):
  • no more than 2% of the surface of all timber in a lot/consignment may retain bark
  • no single article retaining bark on more than 5% of its surface.
Consignment must undergo the heat treatment schedule listed in treatment section of this Micor case.

Consignment cannot be commingled with other regulated materials (other than solid wood packing material) unless the other regulated articles are in separate holds or in separate sealed containers, or if the other regulated articles have been heat treated or kiln dried at the same treatment rate detailed in the treatment section of this Micor case.

General information for exporting wood products:

The Export Control Act 2020 and the Export Control (Wood and Woodchips) Rules 2021, require an export licence issued by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment for any exports of two tonnes or more of:
  • woodchips;
  • wood in the round (i.e. logs);
  • wood with a cross sectional area of at least 225 square centimetres
These are considered ‘prescribed goods’ under the Export Control (Wood and Woodchips) Rules 2021. 

A licence is not required for the above listed wood and woodchips if:

If an export licence is required, it is the responsibility of exporters to obtain a licence to export prescribed wood or woodchips prior to export.

Exporters can find information on how to obtain an export licence for prescribed wood or woodchips on the departments website -

Any enquires on what is classed as prescribed wood or woodchips should be directed to:, or call (02) 6272 4353.

The only responsibility authorised officers have in relation to the export licences for unprocessed wood is to inform unprocessed wood exporters of the possible requirement to hold a licence to export unprocessed wood.


Kiln dried or Heat treated timber (schedule T314-c):
  • Heat treated at 71.1 degrees Celsius minimum core temperature for a minimum of 75 minutes, or
  • Kiln dried at 71.1 degrees Celsius minimum core temperature for a minimum of 75 minutes with moisture reduced below 20% as per the Dry Kiln Operator's Manual.
Either each item or bundle of timber must be marked by permanent marking or alternatively, the consignment is accompanied by an exporter's declaration attesting to treatment.

Tropical Hardwood timber – greater than 15 pieces, not debarked:
  • Consignments must be fumigated, prior to import, in accordance with article 319.40-7(f)(1)(ii) of the APHIS 7 CFR.
Temperate Hardwood timber – with or without bark:
  • Consignments must be fumigated, prior to import, in accordance with article 319.40-7(f)(2),T404 of the APHIS 7 CFR.

Additional Declaration/Endorsements


USDA / APHIS regulations verified 18 September 2012, import permit dated 04 June 2021, USDA treatment manual sighted 07 July 2021, Code of Federal Regulations 319.40 sighted 07 July 2021.

Latest updates

10/11/2021 - Updated general requirements due to legislation changes.
07/07/2021 - Updated general requirements and treatment section for increased clarity.

Initial Uploaded: 29/07/2014
Reviewed Uploaded: 16/05/2022