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Pears

No
Country: Thailand (TH)
Scientific Name: Pyrus spp.
Group: Fruit
End Use: Fresh
NPPO Details:
Department of Agriculture / National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards (ACFS); Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
Relevant Web Addresses:

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Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.
Mixed consignments of different species of fresh fruits undergoing in-transit and on-shore cold treatment are not permitted by Thailand Department of Agriculture.
 
The Thailand Ministry of Public Health, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires packhouses to implement good practice requirements. Further information regarding these requirements can be found here.
 
This is a protocol market, growers/orchards, packhouses (if product is packed in a packhouse) and treatment facilities must meet the requirements outlined in the protocol and be accredited by the department. Only fruit sourced and/or treated from accredited properties will be certified.
The protocol and workplan are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.
 
The following species of pears are permitted importation into Thailand:
  • Ya pear (Pyrus bretschneideri)
  • European pear (Pyrus communis)
  • Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia)
  • Siberian pear (Pyrus ussuriensis)
Note: Mixed consignments of different species of pears cannot be treated together for export to Thailand. Consignments undergoing cold treatment must be composed entirely of a single species of pear. For example, a consignment consisting of Pyrus communis and Pyrus pyrifolia is not permitted.

Pears may be exported to Thailand from:

Fruit fly pest free areas (PFAs)

The following areas are recognised as pest free areas for Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata):

•            Tasmania

AND

  • the Riverland region of South Australia, excluding the following suspension areas, due to a Queensland fruit fly outbreak:
  • Renmark,
  • Renmark North,
  • Renmark West,
  • Renmark South,
  • Pike River,
  • Pike River West,
  • Lindsay Point,
  • Loxton,
  • Loxton North (A),
  • Loxton North (B),
  • Loxton North (C),
  • Loxton North (D),
  • Waikerie,
  • Paringa,
  • Murtho and
  • Monash North.

Exporters sourcing fruit from the Riverland must present a State government certificate at the time of inspection which states all fruit was sourced from properties outside the suspension areas. Certificates presented as evidence must be issued after 4 November 2022.



Outside a fruit fly pest free area in:
  • New South Wales
  • Queensland
  • South Australia
  • Victoria 
  • Western Australia
​Original and certified translation of the import permit must be presented to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.
For consignments exported via sea transport, the Authorised Officer must place a numbered seal on all sea freight containers. The seal number must be noted on the phytosanitary certificate.
 
The export listed packhouse number/s must be entered into the "Shipping Marks" field of the EXDOC Request for Permit (RFP) as either: P/HOUSE:APXXX-PCTXX OR PACKHOUSE NO: XXXXX, where X is replaced by numerals.
There is to be no deviation from this text format.
 
​Explanation of the endorsements

Endorsement 2498:
  • Applies to fruit produced in the Riverland region (excluding suspension area/s).
Endorsement 2500:
  • Applies to fruit produced in Tasmania.
Endorsement 2502:
  • Applies to fruit produced outside fruit fly pest free areas and subject to in-transit cold treatment.
Endorsement 2503:
  • Applies to fruit produced outside fruit fly pest free areas and subject to onshore cold treatment.
​Where applicable, the exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the endorsement and present it to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.

Treatment

Fruit sourced from outside fruit fly pest free areas, or declared outbreak zones within PFAs, must be treated for Queensland fruit fly, Lesser Queensland fruit fly and Jarvis fruit fly and are subject to onshore cold treatment or in-transit cold treatment.

The following cold treatment parameters apply:


Innermost fruit pulp temperature (degrees Celsius) - Exposure period (consecutive days):


  • 0 degrees Celsius or below for 13 days or more

OR

  • 0.56 degrees Celsius or below for 14 days or more

OR

  • 1.11 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more

OR

  • 1.67 degrees Celsius or below for 20 days or more

OR

  • 2.22 degrees Celsius or below 22 days or more

Fruit originating from Western Australia must be treated for Mediterranean fruit fly using the following cold treatment parameters:


Innermost fruit pulp temperature (degrees Celsius) - Exposure period (consecutive days):


  • 1.11 degrees Celsius or below for 14 days or more

OR

  • 1.67 degrees Celsius or below for 16 days or more

OR

  • 2.22 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more


In-transit cold treatment:

In-transit cold treatment (ITCT) may be carried out partly as a pre-shipment treatment commencing in Australia and completed in-transit. In the event of treatment failure, treatment may be completed on arrival.

 

A 'Certificate of loading and calibration record for an in-transit cold treatment' must be signed and stamped by an Authorised Officer and the original attached to the phytosanitary certificate, which must accompany the consignment. The date of treatment initiation must also be included on the 'Certificate of loading and calibration record for an in-transit cold treatment'.

Onshore cold treatment:
Onshore cold treatment facilities must be registered establishments and also be export accredited by the department and Thailand Department of Agriculture.   

Provided all conditions for Thailand are met, pears for export to Thailand are permitted to be treated with fruit of the same species destined for other markets.
Authorised Officers with the onshore cold treatment job function must supervise the commencement and completion of onshore cold treatment, including probe placement and loading of palletised fruit into the cold room.
 
Treated fruit cannot be stored with any other fruit and must be exported within 28 days of inspection or it will require reinspection.

Note:
  • The onshore cold treatment data (report) must be endorsed by the Authorised Officer (with the appropriate job function) to confirm that the treatment has been successful.
  • For onshore cold treatment the exporter is responsible to ensure that each consignment is accompanied with the onshore cold treatment data and onshore cold treatment calibration and re-calibration record/certificate as required by the protocol.
Details of the treatment temperature and period (number of consecutive days) are to be entered in the "Disinfestation and/or Disinfection Treatment" section of the phytosanitary certificate.
 
The name and number of the registered establishment and the room number where onshore cold treatment was conducted must be entered in the ‘Lot number’ field (a free text field) of the EXDOC Request For Permit (RFP) as:
  • ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT <REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME> / <REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NUMBER> - <TREATMENT ROOM NUMBER>.
For example, ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999-1. 

There is to be no deviation from this text format.

Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 2498)
1) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of pear fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced in Riverland area in the state of South Australia which is a pest free area for Jarvis fruit fly (Bactrocera jarvisi), Lesser Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera neohumeralis), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Australia.

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement 2500)
1) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of pear fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced in the state of Tasmania which is a pest free area for Jarvis fruit fly (Bactrocera jarvisi), Lesser Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera neohumeralis), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Australia.

Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement 2502)
1) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh pear fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) An Authorised Officer has supervised the calibration and the placement of fruit sensors into the fruit within the container(s) in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh pear fruit from Australia into Thailand and cold disinfestation treatment has been initiated.

Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement 2503)
1) The consignment of pear fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh pear fruit from Australia to Thailand.

Reference

Clarified NPPO import conditions 

Latest updates

11/07/2022 - Additional declarations removed to reflect reinstatement of Queensland fruit fly pest free area in Coolbellup, WA.
12/05/2022 - Updated general requirements to clarify mixed species not permitted.
12/05/2021 - Packhouse shipping marks text shortened for character limit.
15/03/2021 - Additional declarations added to reflect Coolbellup suspension zone, and Queensland fruit fly treatment schedule for fruit sourced within a suspension zone.
25/01/2021 - Update to import requirements - update to text related to fruit fly outbreak.

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Initial Uploaded: 29/07/2014
Reviewed Uploaded: 11/07/2022