Apples

Scientific Name
Malus domestica
Apples (Fruit)

Thailand (TH)

Thailand (TH)

Malus domestica
Apples

Fruit - Fresh No
NPPO details:
Thailand Department of Agriculture
Relevant web addresses:

Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Yes
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

Mixed consignments of different species of fresh fruits undergoing in-transit and on-shore cold treatment are not permitted by Thailand Department of Agriculture.

The Thailand Ministry of Public Health, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires packhouses to implement good practice requirements. Further information regarding these requirements can be found here​​.

This is a protocol market, growers/orchards, packhouses (if product is packed in a packhouse) and treatment facilities must meet the requirements outlined in the protocol and be accredited by the department. Only fruit sourced and/or treated from accredited properties will be certified.

The protocol and workplan are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.

Apples may be exported to Thailand from:
Recognised fruit fly pest free areas (PFA): 
  • Tasmania
  • The Riverland region of South Australia

Outside a fruit fly pest free area in:

  • New South Wales
  • Queensland
  • South Australia
  • Victoria
  • Western Australia

Original and certified translation of the import permit must be presented to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.

For consignments exported via sea transport, the Authorised Officer must place a numbered seal on all sea freight containers. The seal number must be noted on the phytosanitary certificate.
 
The export listed packhouse number/s must be entered into the "Shipping Marks" field of the EXDOC Request for Permit (RFP) as either: P/HOUSE NO: APXXX-PCTXX OR PACKHOUSE NO: XXXXX, where X is replaced by numerals.
There is to be no deviation from this text format.

Explanation of the endorsements
Endorsement 2491:
  • Applies to fruit produced in the Riverland.
 

Endorsement 2495:

  • Applies to fruit produced outside fruit fly pest free areas and subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Endorsement 2496:

  • Applies to fruit produced outside fruit fly pest free areas and subject to onshore cold treatment.

​Where applicable, the exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the endorsement and present it to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.


Treatment

PFA fruit

Fruit sourced from recognised fruit fly pest free areas does not require treatment.

These areas are: 

  • Tasmania
  • The Riverland region of South Australia.

Non-PFA fruit

Fruit sourced from outside fruit fly pest free areas, or declared outbreak zones within PFAs, must be treated for Queensland fruit fly, Lesser Queensland fruit fly and Jarvis fruit fly and are subject to onshore cold treatment or in-transit cold treatment.

These areas are:

  • New South Wales
  • Queensland 
  • South Australia 
  • Victoria

The following cold treatment parameters apply:


Innermost fruit pulp temperature (degrees Celsius) - Exposure period (consecutive days):


  • 0 degrees Celsius or below for 13 days or more

OR

  • 0.56 degrees Celsius or below for 14 days or more

OR

  • 1.11 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more

OR

  • 1.67 degrees Celsius or below for 20 days or more

OR

  • 2.22 degrees Celsius or below 22 days or more

Fruit originating from Western Australia must be treated for Mediterranean fruit fly using the following cold treatment parameters:


Innermost fruit pulp temperature (degrees Celsius) - Exposure period (consecutive days):


  • 1.11 degrees Celsius or below for 14 days or more

OR

  • 1.67 degrees Celsius or below for 16 days or more

OR

  • 2.22 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more

In-transit cold treatment


In-transit cold treatment may be carried out partly as a pre-shipment treatment commencing in Australia and completed in-transit. In the event of treatment failure, treatment may be completed on arrival.

A 'Certificate of loading and calibration record for an in-transit cold treatment' must be signed and stamped by an Authorised Officer and the original attached to the phytosanitary certificate, which must accompany the consignment. The date of treatment initiation must also be included on the 'Certificate of loading and calibration record for an in-transit cold treatment'.

Onshore cold treatment:

Onshore cold treatment facilities must be registered establishments and also be accredited by the department and Thailand Department of Agriculture.  

A minimum of four fruit pulp temperature sensors are required for onshore cold treatment.

Provided all conditions for Thailand are met, apples for export to Thailand are permitted to be treated with fruit of the same species destined for other markets.

An Authorised Officer must supervise the commencement and completion of onshore cold treatment including probe placement and loading of palletised fruit into the cold room.
Before the treatment ceases the temperature data must be downloaded, printed and provided to an Authorised Officer for review to ensure the treatment meets the requirements.
 
Treated fruit cannot be stored with any other fruit and must be exported within 28 days of inspection or it will require reinspection.
 
Details of the treatment temperature and period (number of consecutive days) are to be entered in the "Disinfestation and/or Disinfection Treatment" section of the phytosanitary certificate.

The name and number of the registered establishment and the room number where onshore cold treatment was conducted must be entered in the ‘Lot number’ field (a free text field) of the EXDOC Request For Permit (RFP) as:
  • ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT <REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME> / <REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NUMBER> - <TREATMENT ROOM NUMBER>.
For example, ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999-1. 


Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement 2491)
1) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of apple fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced in Riverland area in the state of South Australia which is a pest free area for Jarvis fruit fly (Bactrocera jarvisi), Lesser Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera neohumeralis), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Australia.

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement 2493)
1) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of apple fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced in the state of Tasmania which is a pest free area for Jarvis fruit fly (Bactrocera jarvisi), Lesser Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera neohumeralis), Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Australia.

Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement 2495)
1) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh apple fruit from Australia to Thailand,
2) An Authorised Officer has supervised the calibration and the placement of fruit sensors into the fruit within the container(s) in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh apple fruit from Australia into Thailand and cold disinfestation treatment has been initiated.

Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement 2496)
1) The consignment of apple fruit has been produced and prepared for export in accordance with the conditions for import of fresh apple fruit from Australia to Thailand.


Reference

HEP advice dated 21 October 2015 


Initial Uploaded: 29/07/2014
Reviewed Uploaded: 22/07/2020

​​