Cherries

Scientific Name
​Prunus avium
Cherries (Fruit)

China (CN)

China (CN)

​Prunus avium
Cherries

Fruit - Fresh No
NPPO details:
General Administration of Quality, Supervision, Inspection & Quarantine (AQSIQ) Peoples Republic of China
Relevant web addresses:

Documentation

Document Type Required?
Import Permit Refer below
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes

General Requirements

This is a protocol market, workplans are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.

Growers/orchards, packhouses and treatment facilities must be export-approved for China. Only fruit sourced, packed and/or treated from registered export-approved entities will be certified.

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

A 600 piece sample rate is to be applied per consignment.

All packaging material must be new and clean. If wooden packaging is used, the wooden packaging must be compliant with the Australian Packaging Certification Scheme for export under the requirements of the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures Publication No. 15 (ISPM 15).

In cases where there are vents in the packing carton, the packing carton must be made insect proof through the use of mesh (any holes must be <1.6mm), long life bags or plastic carton liners that fully enclose the fruit to protect against pests.

Where consignments are subject to fumigation, perforated liners or insect gauze must be used to ensure treatment is effective.

An import permit is not required to be sighted at either inspection or issuance of export certification BUT is required by China on arrival.

If the import permit is not available the Phytosanitary certificate is to be issued with the import permit section completed as NOT SUPPLIED.

If an import permit is provided in which the conditions vary from the protocol, please refer to the Horticulture Exports Program in Canberra before any further export activity is undertaken.

China AQSIQ recognises all states and territories of Australia, except Western Australia, as being free of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

China AQSIQ recognises the state of Tasmania and the Riverland region of South Australia as being free from both Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). Fruit sourced from these areas are not required to undergo treatment. Inspection of fruit from these areas must be conducted in a registered export establishment located within the same pest free area.

Fruit sourced from outside Tasmania and the Riverland must undergo fumigation OR cold disinfestation treatment.

Explanation of endorsements

Endorsement #1729 applies to consignments that originate from Tasmania or the Riverland region.

Endorsement #2465 applies to consignments that have been subject to fumigation OR onshore cold treatment.

Endorsement #2466 and #2467 applies to consignments that originate from outside Tasmania or the Riverland that will be subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Endorsement #1782 applies to consignments that originate from all states outside of Western Australia, Tasmania or the Riverland that will be subject to in-transit cold treatment.

The registered packhouse number must be entered into the "Shipping marks" section of the EXDOC Request for Permit (RFP) and in the example format of "PACKHOUSE NO: XXXX".


Treatment

Fruit sourced from outside Tasmania and the Riverland must undergo cold disinfestation treatment OR fumigation

 

Requirements for cold disinfestation treatment (onshore or in-transit)

Cold treatment schedules

Fruit sourced from Western Australia subject to cold disinfestation treatment:

1 degree celsius, or below, for 16 days or more; or

2.1 degrees celsius, or below, for 21 days or more.

 

Fruit sourced from all other states and territories of Australia (except Western Australia, Tasmania and the Riverland) subject to cold disinfestation treatment:

1 degree celsius, or below, for 16 days or more; or

2.1 degrees celsius, or below, for 21 days or more; or
3 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more.

 

In-transit cold disinfestation treatment

In-transit treatment may commence prior to departure, in Australia, and be completed in-transit or on arrival.

Prior to initiating treatment, cherries must be cooled to 4 degrees or below.

If the consignment is subjected to in-transit cold disinfestation treatment, the original copy of the certificate of calibration must accompany the phytosanitary certificate.

 

Onshore cold disinfestation treatment

Onshore cold treatment facilities must be registered establishments and also be export-approved by the department through Cherry Growers Australia.

 

If the consignment is subjected to onshore cold disinfestation treatment, treatment temperature and period (number of consecutive days) must be provided in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.

The name and number of the registered establishment where onshore cold treatment was conducted must be entered in the "Lot number" field of the EXDOC request for permit (RFP) and be in the example format of ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME / NUMBER. For example, ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999.

 

Fruit must pass inspection prior to the commencement of onshore cold treatment.

 

A job function for onshore cold treatment has not been released for external authorised officers (AO) and therefore, a departmental AO must supervise the sensor calibration, commencement and completion of the onshore cold treatment. 

 

Treated fruit cannot be stored with any other fruit.

 

Consignments treated by onshore cold treatment must be accompanied by an onshore cold treatment calibration and recalibration certificate and a cold treatment data report/record that have been endorsed by the department.

 

Requirements for methyl bromide fumigation

 

Fumigation facilities must be registered establishments and also be export-approved by the department through Cherry Growers Australia.

 

Methyl bromide fumigation rate at:

 

40 g/m3 for 2 hours at a pulp temperature of 17.2 degrees Celcius or above at no more than 21% chamber load.

 

Treatment details must be provided in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.

 

The name and number of the registered establishment where the fumigation treatment was conducted must be entered in the "Lot number" field of the EXDOC request for permit (RFP) and be in the example format of FUMIGATION TREATMENT AT REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME / NUMBER. For example, FUMIGATION TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999.


Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement No 1729)
1) This consignment of cherries complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Cherry Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China.
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Tasmania or the Riverland.

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement No 2465)
1) This consignment of cherries complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Cherry Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China.

Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement No 2466)
1) This consignment of cherries complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Cherry Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 1 degree celsius, or below, for 16 days or more.

Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement No 2467)
1) This consignment of cherries complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Cherry Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 2.1 degrees celsius, or below, for 21 days or more.

Option 5 (EXDOC Endorsement No 1782)
1) This consignment of cherries complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Cherry Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 3 degrees celsius, or below, for 18 days or more.​


Reference

NPPO protocol ​


Initial Uploaded: 29/07/2014
Reviewed Uploaded: 05/01/2018

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