Milk and milk products that are prescribed under Australia's export rule
- are milk or milk products derived from a bovine animal; and
- are intended to be exported as food.
Milk and milk products that are not prescribed under Australia's export rules
Milk and milk products which do not meet the criteria under the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021 are classified by Australia as non-prescribed goods. It is the responsibility of the exporter to confirm with Mexico if there are any specific requirements for the import of these products. Typically, non-prescribed goods include, ice-cream, non-bovine milk products, colostrum and products with a minor component of dairy.
Further information on
exporting non-prescribed goods from Australia is available on the Department's website.
In some cases, an importing country requires specific health certification and government oversight for what would typically be non-prescribed milk and milk products. When required, these products become prescribed under export legislation and must meet all export and importing country requirements. This includes the products being manufactured and stored at an export registered establishment and must have a valid export permit and health certificate for each consignment. Guidance on export registration can be found at
Dairy export registered establishments.
5.1.1 Health certification for milk and milk products
For milk and milk products produced for human consumption (including milk and milk products classified as a prescribed good by an importing Country), use Health Certificate template ZDMX01 with endorsement 456.
Endorsement 456 – Bilingual Mexico
- The dairy input used in this product is of bovine origin.
- The dairy input of animal origin used in the preparation of the product is originally from the country stated in this document as country of origin; or that they were legally imported from a country free from foot-and-mouth disease (Picornavirus).
- The product was obtained from animals that upon inspection were found healthy.
- The product was processed in an establishment under official control.
- The product is approved by an official sanitary body for human consumption.
Whenever export documentation is obtained, the exporter must provide a declaration stating that all the information provided in the permit is true and complete. They must also state that they are in possession of a declaration of compliance that:
- applies to the milk and milk products
- complies with the requirements of the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.
Transit certification requirements
Milk and milk products transiting the European Union or the United States may require transit documentation. These certificates are available as additional certificates through the NEXDOC system. If the product is transiting the United States, standard certification is required and the exporter should
contact the Department for advice on how this certification may be issued. If the product is transiting a European Union member state, see the particular European Union member state regarding the certificate template to select.
Use of certificates and endorsements other than a ZDMX01 with endorsement 456
Mexico’s biosecurity agency, SENASICA, has advised that bilaterally agreed bilingual (English/Spanish) export certificates must accompany all shipments of animal products/ by-products exported from Australia to Mexico.
Shipments not accompanied by bilaterally agreed bilingual export certification are likely to be rejected on arrival in Mexico.
Existing English-only certificates will be unavailable until amended certificates have been negotiated with SENASICA.
Exporters with established trade in animal product/by-product exports to Mexico using English-only certificates are encouraged to
contact the Department's regional offices to discuss certification arrangements.
Dairy products that are prescribed under Australia's export rules
- (a) milk (other than colostrum) obtained from an animal of the bovine species; and
- (b) the following milk products derived from milk (other than colostrum) obtained from an animal of the bovine species:
- (i) flavoured milk and modified milk;
- (ii) cream and thickened cream;
- (iii) butter, butter concentrate, buttermilk, concentrated buttermilk, dairy blend, ghee (clarified butter) and anhydrous milk fat (butter oil);
- (iv) casein, caseinate and cheese;
- (v) whey, whey cream and concentrated whey cream;
- (vi) cultured milk and yoghurt;
- (vii) butter milk powder, lactose powder, milk sugar, powdered milk, skim milk powder, whey powder, milk protein powder, condensed milk, milk minerals and other milk concentrates;
- (viii) dips containing yoghurt, cream cheese or other dairy base;
- (ix) any other like milk product a major component of which is milk.
Dairy Good by Definition or Dairy by Definition
The term Dairy Good by Definition or Dairy by Definition (DBD) is used to describe products that are considered to be a dairy product by an importing country and need to be certified using the same certificate as the dairy goods prescribed under the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021, even though they are not listed as a prescribed goods in these rules.
DBD products must be manufactured in an export registered establishment in accordance with all the requirements of the Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2021.
If a product is not listed as a prescribed under Australia's export rules, it is the responsibility of the exporter to confirm what certificate is required and to ensure that DBD products that require a dairy certificate, such as the ZDMX01 Health Certificate, comply with Australia's export rules.