Plums

Scientific Name

​​​​​​​​Prunus domestica and P salicina

Plums (Fruit)

China (CN)

China (CN)

​​​​​​​​Prunus domestica and P salicina

Plums

Fruit - Fresh No
NPPO details:
​​General Administration of Quality, Supervision, Inspection & Quarantine (AQSIQ) Peoples Republic of China
Relevant web addresses:

Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Refer below
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

This is a protocol market, growers/orchards, packhouses and treatment facilities must meet the requirements outlined in the workplan and be accredited by the department for China. Only fruit sourced, packed and/or treated from accredited properties will be certified. 
 
Protocols and workplans are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

An import permit is not required for export certification BUT is required by China on arrival.
  • If an import permit is not available the phytosanitary certificate is to be issued with the import permit section completed as NOT SUPPLIED.
  • If an import permit is provided in which the conditions vary from the protocol, please refer to the Horticulture Exports Program in Canberra before any further export activity is undertaken.

 
Fruit Fly Pest Free Areas​

 
The General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) recognises all states and territories of Australia, except Western Australia, as being free of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

 
GACC recognises the following areas as being free from both Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata):
  • The state of Tasmania (excluding the Northern Tasmania Outbreak Zone) 
​Inspection of fruit from a PFA must be conducted in a registered export establishment located within the same pest free area. 

 
Note: 
  • ​Recognition of the Northern Tasmania Outbreak Zone as a PFA is subject to the importing country NPPO. 
  • GACC have ceased recognition of the Riverland PFA for fruit exported from 1 January 2019.

Explanation of the endorsements:
Endorsement no 3578 applies to consignments exported under one of the following pathways:
  • Product sourced from fruit fly PFAs
  • Onshore cold treatment​
  • Fumigation followed by onshore cold treatment.
​Endor​sement no 3579: Applies to consignments sourced from an area where Mediterranean fruit fly is known not to occur and the consignments are subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Endorsement no 3580 and no 1888: Applies to consignments sourced from areas where
Mediterranean fruit fly is known to occur, or where Mediterranean fruit fly area freedom
status has been suspended, and the consignments are subject to in-transit cold treatment.

The Exporter is to provide evidence attesting to the treatment and present to the Authorised Officer at the time of inspection.
 
Export inspection:
 
For plums, each consignment must have 600 units drawn per species at export inspection, with 60 pieces of fruit cut per 600 drawn to verify absence of Codling Moth. 

Phytosanitary certification

The packhouse accreditation number/s must be entered into the "shipping marks" section of the EXDOC Request for Permit (RFP) and be in the format of: P/HOUSE:SFXXXX-PCT01

The onshore cold treatment registered establishment name and number where the onshore cold treatment was conducted must be entered in the "lot number" field of the EXDOC and be in the example format of: ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT ABC / 9999.

The fumigation and onshore cold treatment registered establishments name and number where the fumigation and onshore cold treatments were conducted must be entered in the "lot number" field of the EXDOC and be in the example format of: FUMIGATION AND ONSHORE COLD TREATMENTS AT ABC / 9999.​


Treatment

The below treatment schedules override the schedules in the Plums to China Work Plan.​​

Details of treatment to be endorsed on the Phytosanitary certificate in the treatment section.

There are two treatment options available for fruit sourced from outside recognised fruit fly PFAs or where area freedom status has been suspended.

 
Treatment options:
 
Fruit sourced from outside a recognised PFA must undergo one of the following approved treatment options.​

  
Option 1: Cold treatment (onshore or in-transit) - Conducted onshore in Australia or in-transit during sea voyage to China.

Cold treatment schedules:
 
  • 3 degrees Celsius or below for 18 days or more (for fruit grown in Mediterranean fruit fly free areas)​. For fruit grown in all states except Western Australia.
OR
  • 2.1 degrees Celsius or below for 21 days or more (for fruit grown in Western Australia or where Mediterranean fruit fly area freedom status has been suspended). Fruit grown in all states, including Western Australia.
OR
  • ​1 degree Celsius or below for 16 days or more (for fruit grown in Western Australia or where Mediterranean fruit fly area freedom status has been suspended).​​ Fruit grown in all states, including Western Australia.

The onshore cold treatment temperature data (report) must be endorsed by the Authorised Officer (with the appropriate job function) to confirm that the treatment has been successful. 

The endorsed onshore cold treatment temperature data (report) and Onshore Cold Treatment Calibration and Re-calibration Certificate must be attached to the phytosanitary certificate accompanying the consignment.
 
The in-transit cold treatment calibration certificate must be stamped and signed by an Authorised Officer (with the appropriate job function) once it is complete and attached to the phytosanitary certificate accompanying the consignment.​

 
Option 2: Methyl bromide fumigation followed by onshore cold treatment - Conducted within the same treatment facility (permitted for fruit sourced from all States).

 
  • Fumigation with Methyl bromide at 32grm/m3 for 2 hours at a pulp temperature of 21 degrees Celsius or above at no more than 50 per cent chamber load, followed by onshore cold treatment at 2.77 degrees Celsius or lower for 4 days; 
OR
  • Fumigation with Methyl bromide at 32grm/m3 for 2.5 hours at a pulp temperature of 21 degrees Celsius or above at no more than 50 per cent chamber load, followed by onshore cold treatment at 4.44 degrees Celsius or lower for 4 days; 
OR
  • Fumigation with methyl bromide at 32grm/m3 for 3 hours at a pulp temperature of 21 degrees Celsius or above at no more than 50 per cent chamber load, followed by an onshore cold treatment at 8.33 degrees Celsius or lower for 3 days.


Additional Declaration/Endorsements

​Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement No 3578)
1) This consignment complies with the protocol of phytosanitary requirements for the export of nectarines, peaches, plums or apricots from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China.

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement No 3579)
1) This consignment complies with the protocol of phytosanitary requirements for the export of nectarines, peaches, plums or apricots from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation at 3 degrees Celsius, or below, for 18 days or more.

Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement No 3580)
1) This consignment complies with the protocol of phytosanitary requirements for the export of nectarines, peaches, plums or apricots from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation at 2.1 degrees Celsius or below for 21 days or more.​

Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement No 1888)
1) This consignment complies with the protocol of phytosanitary requirements for the export of nectarines, peaches, plums or apricots from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation at 1 degree Celsius or below for 16 days or more.


Reference

NPPO correspondence dated 4 February 2019 ​


Initial Uploaded: 27/11/2017
Reviewed Uploaded: 14/02/2019