Oranges, Mandarins, Lemons, Grapefruit, Limes, Tangelo

Scientific Name
​​​​​​Citrus spp
Oranges, Mandarins, Lemons, Grapefruit, Limes, Tangelo (Fruit)

China (CN)

China (CN)

​​​​​​Citrus spp
Oranges, Mandarins, Lemons, Grapefruit, Limes, Tangelo

Fruit - Fresh No
NPPO details:
General Administration of Quality, Supervision, Inspection & Quarantine (AQSIQ) Peoples Republic of China
Relevant web addresses:

Export Criteria

Criteria Criteria Required?
Import Permit Refer below
Phytosanitary Certificate Yes
Additional Declaration/Endorsement Yes
Protocol Market Yes

General Requirements

This is a protocol market, growers/orchards, packhouses and treatment facilities must meet the requirements outlined in the China citrus workplan and be accredited by the department for China. Only fruit sourced, packed and/or treated from accredited properties will be certified. 

Protocols and workplans are available through MICoR Plants in the Documents section. Access is restricted and requires a logon.

The following species of citrus are permitted to be exported from Australia to China:

a) Citrus sinensis (Oranges),
b) Citrus reticulata (Mandarins),
c) Citrus limon (Lemons),
d) Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit),
e) Citrus aurantifolia (Limes),
f) Citrus latifolia (Limes),
g) Citrus limonia (Limes),
h) Citrus tangelo (Tangelo),
i) Citrus grandis x Citrus paradisi (Sweetie grapefruit).

Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material.

A 600 piece sample rate is to be applied per consignment.

  • An import permit is not required for export certification BUT is required by China on arrival.
  • If an import permit is not available the phytosanitary certificate is to be issued with the import permit section completed as NOT SUPPLIED.
  • If an import permit is provided in which the conditions vary from the protocol, please refer to the Horticulture Exports Program in Canberra before any further export activity is undertaken. 

 
Fruit Fly Pest Free Areas

The General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) recognises all states and territories of Australia, except Western Australia, as being free of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

GACC recognises the following areas as being free from both Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata):

 
  • The state of Tasmania (excluding the Northern Tasmania Outbreak Zone) 
 
Inspection of fruit from a PFA must be conducted in a registered export establishment located within the same pest free area. 

Note: 
  • Recognition of the Northern Tasmania Outbreak Zone as a PFA is subject to the importing country NPPO. 
  • GACC have ceased recognition of the Riverland PFA for fruit exported from 1 January 2019.
 
Explanation of EXDOC requirements and endorsements

Endorsement No 5380 applies to consignments that originate from Tasmania.

Endorsement No 1987 applies to consignments that have been subject to onshore cold treatment.

Endorsement No 1279 and No 2086 applies to consignments that originate from Western Australia that will be subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Endorsement No 5381 applies to consignments that originate from all states outside of Western Australia or Tasmania that will be subject to in-transit cold treatment.

Endorsement No 5382 applies to consignments of lemons only, that originate from all states outside of Western Australia or Tasmania, which will be subject to in-transit cold treatment.

The registered packhouse number must be entered into the "Shipping marks" section of the EXDOC Request for Permit (RFP) and in the example format of "PACKHOUSE NO: XXXX".


Treatment

 

The below treatment schedules override the schedules in the citrus to China Work Plan

Fruit sourced from outside Tasmania must undergo cold disinfestation treatment for fruit flies.

Requirements for cold disinfestation treatment (onshore or in-transit)

Cold treatment schedules

Fruit sourced from Western Australia:
1 degree Celsius, or below, for 16 days or more; 
OR
2.1 degrees Celsius, or below, for 21 days or more.

Fruit sourced from all other states and territories of Australia:
3 degrees Celsius or below, for 18 days or more; 
OR
3 degrees Celsius or below, for 16 days or more (option for lemons only).

In-transit cold disinfestation treatment

In-transit treatment may commence prior to departure, in Australia, and be completed in-transit or on arrival.

Prior to initiating treatment, fruit must be cooled to 4 degrees or below.

If the consignment is subjected to in-transit cold disinfestation treatment, the original copy of the certificate of calibration must accompany the phytosanitary certificate.

Onshore cold disinfestation treatment

Onshore cold treatment facilities must be registered establishments and also be accredited by the department.​

Fruit must pass inspection prior to the commencement of onshore cold treatment.

Treated fruit cannot be stored with any other fruit.

The name and number of the registered establishment where onshore cold treatment was conducted must be entered in the "Lot number" field of the EXDOC request for permit (RFP) and be in the example format of ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME / NUMBER. For example, ONSHORE COLD TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999.

If the consignment is subjected to onshore cold disinfestation treatment, treatment temperature and period (number of consecutive days) must be provided in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.

Consignments treated by onshore cold treatment must be accompanied by an onshore cold treatment calibration and recalibration certificate and a cold treatment data report/record that have been endorsed by the department.

Requirements for methyl bromide fumigation to manage Fullers rose weevil.

This is not a treatment for fruit flies and is an additional treatment option for fruit that is being cold treated or sourced from a PFA. 

Fumigation facilities must be registered establishments and also be accredited by the department.

Methyl bromide fumigation is a treatment option for Fuller's rose weevil where an orchard is unable to meet the requirements of orchard freedom or a systems approach. 

One of the following rates must be applied:

32grm/m3 for 2 hours at 21 degrees Celsius or above
40grm/m3 for 2 hours at 16-20 degrees Celsius
48grm/m3 for 2 hours at 11-15 degrees Celsius

Treatment details must be provided in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.

The name and number of the registered establishment where the fumigation treatment was conducted must be entered in the "Lot number" field of the EXDOC request for permit (RFP) and be in the example format of FUMIGATION TREATMENT AT REGISTERED ESTABLISHMENT NAME / NUMBER. For example, FUMIGATION TREATMENT AT ABC FREIGHT / 9999.


Additional Declaration/Endorsements

Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement No 5380)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China.
2) The fruit in this consignment originates from Tasmania.

Option 2 (EXDOC Endorsement No 1987)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China.
 
Option 3 (EXDOC Endorsement No 1279)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 1 degree celsius, or below, for 16 days or more.
 
Option 4 (EXDOC Endorsement No 2086)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 2.1 degrees Celsius, or below, for 21 days or more.
 
Option 5 (EXDOC Endorsement No 5381)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 3 degrees Celsius, or below, for 18 days or more.
 
Option 6 (EXDOC Endorsement No 5382)
1) This consignment of citrus complies with the Protocol of Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Citrus Fruit from Australia to China, and is free of any pests of quarantine concern to China,
2) The consignment is subject to in-transit cold disinfestation for 3 degrees Celsius, or below, for 16 days or more.​


Reference

 NPPO letter dated 29 December 2019​


Initial Uploaded: 29/07/2014
Reviewed Uploaded: 25/01/2019